Mendicant Orders

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Mendicant Orders


Catholic monastic orders whose members had to take a vow of poverty and renounce all worldly goods.

Most of the mendicant orders were formed in the 13th century, at a time when anticlerical heretical teachings were fairly widespread. The first of the mendicant orders was the Franciscan Order, founded by Francis of Assisi. Noting the popularity of the ideals of “evangelical poverty,” the papacy sought to use mendicant orders as a means of discouraging the masses of believers from participation in heretical movements and as a means of consolidating its influence and political stature. In 1210, Pope Innocent III approved the founding of the Franciscan Order. In 1216 the mendicant order of the Dominicans was approved; in 1245 (or 1247) the Carmelites, who had been active since the second half of the 12th century, were reorganized into a mendicant order. In 1256 small monastic congregations were united into the mendicant order of the Augustinians. Other mendicant orders, including the Brothers of Charity and the Servants of St. Mary, were formed later. In the 13th century the Dominicans and, to a certain extent, the Franciscans were placed in charge of the Inquisition. In the late 13th century members of mendicant orders undertook missionary work.

By placing the process of establishing mendicant orders under its control, the papacy, as it were, sanctioned certain ideas advanced by popular heresies. The charters of the mendicant orders provided for the renunciation of any personal property or permanent residence; members of the orders were obliged to live solely on alms. However, the principle of mendicancy was systematically violated from the earliest days of the mendicant orders. By the 13th century the mendicant orders were hardly distinguishable from other monastic orders.

References in periodicals archive ?
Clearly Giles wants to distinguish the Augustinian Order from the other mendicant Orders, particularly the Franciscan; the ruckus caused by the Celestines and the likes of Jacopone da Todi had not died down in Rome.
Much of this polemical content was occasioned by questions raised by other mendicant orders, foremost of which were the Dominicans.
As well as creating a storm of protest at the time, the Franciscan pontiff's intervention in the affairs of the other mendicant order marked an epoch in Dominican history.
The Little Sisters of the Poor are a mendicant order. They beg for money to keep their homes and care facilities staffed and running.
A different kind of variation is seen in the sole contribution about the "Servites," a mendicant order. The author treats the entire sweep of Servite history, including the 15th century conflict between Observants and Conventuals, without revealing anything about the order's distinct character and mission, essential information to make sense of its internal existence and troubles.
Chapter 2 discusses the use of Noli me tangere images in mendicant order settings during the late medieval and early Renaissance periods, while Chapter 3 focuses on the appearance of the Doubting Thomas in Franciscan settings, in particular, in the early Renaissance.
All Italian university towns had faculties of theology, but local mendicant order friars, especially Dominicans and Franciscans, lacking links to the university for arts, medicine, and law, did most of the theology teaching in their own monasteries, which also provided almost all of the students.
Moreover, Benedictines are not a mendicant order -- the rule of St.
What of the rise of the mendicant orders? A case can be made that the most important changes in the 2,000 years of our church's history were the direct result of St.
Hawkins gives us a vivid reconstruction of the experience of religious life in Florence, from annual baptisms in San Giovanni, to the typical parish chapel serving thirty or forty families, the naves of churches used more like public squares, and the impact of papal reforms, mendicant orders and lay confraternities on religious devotion.
Oertel goes on to discuss the intensification of the cult through the establishment of secular cathedral chapters and the arrival of the mendicant orders in Sweden, of which the Dominicans were especially influential.