Mendoza


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Mendoza,

city (1991 pop. 773,559), capital of Mendoza prov., W Argentina. With a backdrop of snowcapped mountains, Mendoza is surrounded by a fertile oasis, known as the "Garden of the Andes," irrigated by the Mendoza River. It is an agricultural market and the center of a rich wine-producing region, largely settled by Italian immigrants. Food processing and petrochemicals are also important to the city's economy. Mendoza was founded in 1561 and belonged to Chile until the creation of the viceroyalty of Río de la Plata (1776). Destroyed by earthquake in 1861, the town was rebuilt and expanded rapidly after the completion of the railroad to Buenos Aires late in the 19th cent. It was also the eastern terminus of the Transandine RailwayTransandine Railway,
former rail line, 156 mi (251 km) long, between Mendoza, Argentina, and Los Andes, Chile, traversing the Andes at Uspallata Pass. Opened to traffic in 1910, the railway rose to c.10,500 ft (3,200 m) at the long tunnel on the international boundary.
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. It was in Mendoza that San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
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 began (1817) the final liberation of Chile from Spain. The city has three universities. Its landmarks include a Franciscan monastery where several Argentine national heroes are buried.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mendoza

 

a province in western Argentina. Area, 150,800 sq km. Population, 973,000 (1970). The capital is the city of Mendoza. Grape growing, vegetable growing, and fruit growing on irrigated lands (Mendoza is first in the country in irrigated land area) are well developed. Mendoza is the country’s main region for grape growing and wine-making, and for olive plantations and olive-oil production. Petroleum and natural gas are extracted, and uranium ore is mined. Industry includes the processing of agricultural raw materials, petroleum refining, and cement production.


Mendoza

 

a city in western Argentina, the capital of Mendoza Province. Population, 118,600 (1970; with suburbs, 471,-000). It is a railroad junction and the country’s chief wine-making center. Fruits and vegetables are processed and canned there. Mendoza is the center of a horticultural and grape-growing region; it also produces cement and textiles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Mendoza

1
Pedro de . died 1537, Spanish soldier and explorer; founder of Buenos Aires (1536)

Mendoza

2
a city in W central Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierra de los Paramillos: largely destroyed by an earthquake in 1861; commercial centre of an intensively cultivated irrigated region; University of Cuyo (1939). Pop.: 1 072 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Mendoza said that they are now conducting a survey, who among the candidates, will they support this coming elections.
Brillante Mendoza heads the international competition jury at the 31st Tokyo International Film Festival (TIFF).
We will certainly be rebuffed,' Mendoza told reporters at the Rotary Club of Manila.
If anything, the definition closes the loopholes that have been exploited by the employers and labor contractors to exploit our workers in what is a modern form of slave labor," Mendoza explained.
Prosecutors say Mendoza fired the shots toward Interstate 90 and Route 72 when his neighbors had six to eight visitors in their yard.
The crew and the pilot asked me on what to do next, so I suggested to bring her to the hospital as she really needs proper medical attention, Mendoza said.
Essentially, "Artifact" is a portfolio of Mendoza's accomplished career tracing his various projects (whether a city terrace or a country yard) intellectually planned for each unique environment and spatial layout.
A member of the Executive Committee of the Sub Regional Committee 2 (SRC2) of the NPA's Southern Mindanao Regional Committee (SMRC), Mendoza was the head of its Regional Special Operations Group (RSOG) and the deputy secretary of the SRC2's Guerilla Front 2, Lamosao said.
'Indubitably, respondent actively participated in the series of transactions and dealings with complainants, from the time he accepted all the monies and placed it in the account of Mendoza. This constitutes as sufficient evidence to find that respondent had some involvement in the business of rediscounting checks as a 'recruiter of third-party investors,'' the Court held.
Mendoza is a proud immigrant from Honduras who grew up in the South Side of Chicago.
In the video, Mendoza was seen getting pulled over on Noble Avenue in North Hills at about 10:15 p.m.