Mendoza, Pedro de

Mendoza, Pedro de

(pā`thrō dā māndō`thä), b. 1501 or 1502, d. 1537, Spanish conquistador, first adelantado [civil and military governor] of Río de la Plata (present-day Argentina). After a military career in Europe, he received (1534) from Emperor Charles V a commission to conquer and colonize the Río de la Plata region. With 11 vessels and 1,200 men, he sailed from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in 1535. He reached the estuary of the Río de la Plata in January and founded Buenos AiresBuenos Aires
, city and federal district (1991 pop. 2,960,976; metropolitan area 11,255,618), the capital of Argentina, E Argentina, on the Río de la Plata. Buenos Aires is inhabited mostly by people of Spanish and Italian extraction, but there are many residents of
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 in 1536. Attacks by the indigenous people, scarcity of food, and various disasters made the site untenable. Leaving Juan de AyolasAyolas, Juan de
, d. 1537?, Spanish conquistador, explorer of the Río de la Plata country. He accompanied Pedro de Mendoza on his expedition of 1535–36. Sent to look for provisions, he sailed up the Paraná River and founded a fort called Corpus Christi.
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 in charge, Mendoza sailed for Spain in 1537 and died at sea. Buenos Aires was abandoned in 1541, by order of Domingo Martínez de Irala, and the colonists moved to AsunciónAsunción
, city (1992 pop. 500,938), S Paraguay, capital of Paraguay, on the Paraguay River. It is the principal port and chief industrial and cultural center of Paraguay. Manufactures include footwear, textiles, and tobacco products.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Quintanilla y Mendoza, Pedro de. Arquetipo de virtudes, espejo de prelados.