Mengelberg, Josef Willem

Mengelberg, Josef Willem

(yō`zəf vĭl`əm mĕng`əlbĕrk), 1871–1951, Dutch conductor. Conductor of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra (1895–1945), he was noted for interpretations of MahlerMahler, Gustav
, 1860–1911, composer and conductor, born in Austrian Bohemia of Jewish parentage. Mahler studied at the Univ. of Vienna and the Vienna Conservatory.
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 and Richard StraussStrauss, Richard
, 1864–1949, German composer. Strauss brought to a culmination the development of the 19th-century symphonic poem, and was a leading composer of romantic opera in the early 20th cent.
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, whose Ein Heldenleben is dedicated to him. He also conducted the New York Philharmonic (1921–29). In 1945, he retired to Switzerland.
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