Mengistu Haile Mariam

(redirected from Mengistu)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

(mĕnggīs`to͞o hī`lē mär`ēəm), 1937–, military ruler of Ethiopia (1974–91). Mengistu, an army officer, participated prominently in Emperor Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
, [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik II.
..... Click the link for more information.
's overthrow (1974). Emerging through violence as preeminent military ruler by 1977, he sought Soviet aid, established a socialist People's Republic and fought off Somali incursions and Eritrean rebels. He was elected president in 1987. Regional rebellions increased while Soviet aid receded amid economic deterioration. Mengistu abandoned socialism, but unable to mobilize military resistance, he was forced to flee to Zimbabwe in 1991. He was tried (1994–2006) in absentia for genocide by an Ethiopian court, convicted, and sentenced (2007) to life in prison, but in 2008 Ethiopia's supreme court overruled the lower court and imposed the death sentence.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

born 1937, Ethiopian soldier and statesman; head of state from 1977 until 1991 when rebels seized power and he fled into exile
References in periodicals archive ?
And sure enough, Orizio's approach is justified when, once the ice is broken with Mengistu, the torrent of words seems unstoppable.
Sophia Mengistu, Country Director/Ethiopia, Worldwide Orphans Foundation (WWO), HIV-specialist pediatrician who spearheads innovative testing and treatment efforts for adults and children in Ethiopia.
Mengistu, a resident of the coastal city of Ashkelon, entered Gaza of his own volition in September, 2014.
An Israeli of Ethiopian origin, Avera Mengistu, 28, was taken into Hamas custody 10 months ago when he disappeared into Gaza by jumping the Erez border fence.
After the coup d'etat against the Emperor, a power struggle developed between the coup makers, in which Mengistu Haile Mariam emerged victorious.
Former Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie was buried in 2000 at Addis Ababa s Trinity Church, 25 years after being killed during the dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam and his remains stashed in a palace toilet.
TOGETHER: Sangeeta Bali (left) and dancer Shaveta Sharma (right) with Jenny Mengistu, pupils and volunteers.
Director: Haile Gerima Starring: Aaron Arefe and Takelech Beyene Synopsis: The return of the African intellectual Anberber to his native country during the repressive Marxist regime of Haile Mariam Mengistu and the recognition of his own displacement and powerlessness at the dissolution of his people's humanity and social values.
Other approaches are needed to pull Ethiopia out of its deep hole, and Moges Mengistu is firm about where to start.
Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia was a total autocrat who invited the Soviets into Africa, which led to the Stalinist regime of Mengistu and Ethiopia's infamous genocidal famine.
Massawa, much damaged by bombardment during the EPLF's (Eritrean People Liberation Front) fight for independence from the Ethiopian Mengistu regime, is hot beyond imagining, with temperatures regularly reaching the mid-40s between June and September.