Zenawi took power as the leader of rebels that ousted communist leader Mengistu Haile Mariam
He was overthrown in 1974 after a communist revolution led by Mengistu Haile Mariam
, who exiled Haile Seliasie to his palace prior to his mysterious demise.
As for Haile Selassie, who had ruled as emperor since 1930, his thirty-four-year imperial reign came to an end in 1974, when a Soviet-backed military coup, led by Mengistu Haile Mariam
, ousted him and established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
He was followed by the leaders of the Warsaw Pact countries, and the leaders of countries orbiting in the Soviet space, such as Mengistu Haile Mariam
and Ali Salim al-Beidh.
The successive regimes of Menelik, Haile Selassie, Mengistu Haile Mariam
, and Meles Zenawi have followed similar policies and practices in achieving external legitimacy while promoting a series of different ideological discourses to legitimize their respective governments.
In 1975, the socialist dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam
nationalized all rural land in Ethiopia, disrupting complex and troubled imperial tenure as well as evolved customary land tenure.
Continuing civil conflicts, dissatisfaction with the economic and political situations led to Haile Selassie being overthrown by a military coup led by Mengistu Haile Mariam
Mugabe's willingness to starve his people into submission to get the electoral outcome he wants puts him in the not-so-august company of some of recent history's worst dictators, including Mengistu Haile Mariam
of Ethiopia (the murderous communist strongman who engineered the Ethiopian famine of the 1980s) and Joseph Stalin, who starved to death millions of Ukrainians resistant to his regime in the 1930s.
ADDIS ABABA: Ethiopia's supreme court yesterday sentenced to death former Marxist ruler Mengistu Haile Mariam
, granting a prosecution appeal that argued a life sentence he was given for genocide was unequal to his crimes.
Cairo threatened war with Addis Ababa in 1980 after Ethiopian president Mengistu Haile Mariam
opposed Egyptian plans to divert Nile water to the Sinai desert, with the Cold War fanning tensions between the two states at the time.
FORMER Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam
was yesterday convicted of genocide and other charges in the deaths of nearly 2,000 people in a rare case of an African strongman being called to account by his own country.
Director: Eleni Atsikbasis Adaptation of Mellina and Lukas Fanouris' true story about a Greek family living in Addis Ababa during the tyrannical reign of Mengistu Haile Mariam