Mengistu Haile Mariam


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Mengistu Haile Mariam

(mĕnggīs`to͞o hī`lē mär`ēəm), 1937–, military ruler of Ethiopia (1974–91). Mengistu, an army officer, participated prominently in Emperor Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
, [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik II.
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's overthrow (1974). Emerging through violence as preeminent military ruler by 1977, he sought Soviet aid, established a socialist People's Republic and fought off Somali incursions and Eritrean rebels. He was elected president in 1987. Regional rebellions increased while Soviet aid receded amid economic deterioration. Mengistu abandoned socialism, but unable to mobilize military resistance, he was forced to flee to Zimbabwe in 1991. He was tried (1994–2006) in absentia for genocide by an Ethiopian court, convicted, and sentenced (2007) to life in prison, but in 2008 Ethiopia's supreme court overruled the lower court and imposed the death sentence.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

born 1937, Ethiopian soldier and statesman; head of state from 1977 until 1991 when rebels seized power and he fled into exile
References in periodicals archive ?
Zenawi was a rebel leader who came to power in 1991 after helping to overthrow the dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam.
Parvenu au pouvoir en 1991 apres la chute de la junte militaire de Mengistu Haile Mariam, Meles Zenawi a, lors de son mandat presidentiel (1991-1995) puis en tant que Premier ministre, fait de l'Ethiopie un acteur incontournable dans la lutte contre le terrorisme dans la Corne de l'Afrique.
The position of President is largely honorific and Meles, a former rebel fighter who came to power in 1991 after toppling the bloody dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam, held the real political power.
Zenawi took power as the leader of rebels that ousted communist leader Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991.
He was overthrown in 1974 after a communist revolution led by Mengistu Haile Mariam, who exiled Haile Seliasie to his palace prior to his mysterious demise.
As for Haile Selassie, who had ruled as emperor since 1930, his thirty-four-year imperial reign came to an end in 1974, when a Soviet-backed military coup, led by Mengistu Haile Mariam, ousted him and established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
He was followed by the leaders of the Warsaw Pact countries, and the leaders of countries orbiting in the Soviet space, such as Mengistu Haile Mariam and Ali Salim al-Beidh.
The successive regimes of Menelik, Haile Selassie, Mengistu Haile Mariam, and Meles Zenawi have followed similar policies and practices in achieving external legitimacy while promoting a series of different ideological discourses to legitimize their respective governments.
In 1975, the socialist dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam nationalized all rural land in Ethiopia, disrupting complex and troubled imperial tenure as well as evolved customary land tenure.
Continuing civil conflicts, dissatisfaction with the economic and political situations led to Haile Selassie being overthrown by a military coup led by Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1974.
Robert Mugabe, whatever his ultimate fate, has already earned a place in the African pantheon of infamy alongside the likes of Uganda's Idi Amin and Milton Obote, Ethiopia's Mengistu Haile Mariam, Somalia's Siad Barre, Zaire's Mobutu Sese Seko, and the Central African Republic's Jean-Bedel Bokassa.
ADDIS ABABA: Ethiopia's supreme court yesterday sentenced to death former Marxist ruler Mengistu Haile Mariam, granting a prosecution appeal that argued a life sentence he was given for genocide was unequal to his crimes.