Menispermaceae


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Related to Menispermaceae: Plantaginaceae, Piperaceae, Rubiaceae, Rutaceae

Menispermaceae

[‚men·ə·spər′mās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous woody vines in the order Ranunculales distinguished by mostly alternate, simple leaves, unisexual flowers, and a dioecious habit.

Menispermaceae

 

a family of dicotylenous plants, including lianas, rarely shrubs, and sometimes small trees and grasses. The leaves are alternate, simple or palmately lobed, and exstipulate. The flowers are generally regular, three-parted, and primarily unisexual (the plants are generally dioecious); they are in inflorescences or, rarely, are solitary. The fruit is a multiple drupe or multiple nut. The seeds are usually sickle-shaped.

The family has 70 genera, with 400 species, distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Only a few species are found in temperate regions. One species (of the genus Menispermum) grows in the USSR. The roots, bark, and fruits of many species (of the genera Tinospora, Conculus, and Stephania) contain bitter substances and poisonous alkaloids, such as iatrorhyze, and are used medicinally, particularly in tropical countries. Many species are used to obtain curare.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tambien poseian Menispermaceae en abundancia (Doria et al, 2008), una familia tipica de lianas, que sumado a la alta densidad de venacion (Feild et al, 2011a) y a la varianza alta en el tamano de las semillas alcanzando inclusive los 20 cm (Gomez et al, 2009), indican ya un bosque donde la competencia por la luz es alta y un dosel cerrado, caracteristico de los bosque multiestratificados.
Estos resultados de representatividad e importancia floristica se corresponden con los encontrados por Hernandez (1992, 1997, 2003) en la Reserva Forestal de Caparo, destacando en este estudio, la incorporacion de las familias Menispermaceae y Dilleniaceae como floristicamente dominantes.
In Africa, Asia, and Australia the larvae of fruit-piercing moths feed only on the vines of the family Menispermaceae, whereas in the Pacific and Papua New Guinea they feed on plants of the family Menispermaceae and the genus Erythrina variegata Linn.
X 213 Meliaceae Guarea macrophylla Vahl X X 214 Meliaceae Ruagea sp1 X 215 Meliaceae Trichilia sp1 X X 216 Memecylaceae Mouriri sp1 X 217 Menispermaceae Abuta grandifolia (Mart.
Dentro de estas se hallan todas las especies de las familias Leguminosae, Lamiaceae, Flacourtiaceae, Menispermaceae, Sterculiaceae y Acanthaceae.
Bignoniaceae, Fabaceae y Menispermaceae fueron las familias predominantes en ambos sitios, lo cual concuerda con lo esperado para este tipo de bosque; Araceae fue igualmente una familia importante, sobretodo en la E.
The most medicinally rich families were the Euphorbiaceae (5), Melastomataceae (5), Fabaceae (4), Dilleniaceae (4), Menispermaceae (3), Poaceae (3), Rubiaceae (3), and Schizaceae (3).
SWD (ach; WI) Menispermaceae Cocculus diversifolius DC.
Malvaceae Jarbo beroj, Kunae ful 50 Stephania glabra Miers Menispermaceae Thanda manik 51 Ardisia solanacea Myrsinaceae Boro cholla Roxb.