Menispermaceae


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Related to Menispermaceae: Plantaginaceae, Piperaceae, Rubiaceae, Rutaceae

Menispermaceae

[‚men·ə·spər′mās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous woody vines in the order Ranunculales distinguished by mostly alternate, simple leaves, unisexual flowers, and a dioecious habit.

Menispermaceae

 

a family of dicotylenous plants, including lianas, rarely shrubs, and sometimes small trees and grasses. The leaves are alternate, simple or palmately lobed, and exstipulate. The flowers are generally regular, three-parted, and primarily unisexual (the plants are generally dioecious); they are in inflorescences or, rarely, are solitary. The fruit is a multiple drupe or multiple nut. The seeds are usually sickle-shaped.

The family has 70 genera, with 400 species, distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Only a few species are found in temperate regions. One species (of the genus Menispermum) grows in the USSR. The roots, bark, and fruits of many species (of the genera Tinospora, Conculus, and Stephania) contain bitter substances and poisonous alkaloids, such as iatrorhyze, and are used medicinally, particularly in tropical countries. Many species are used to obtain curare.

References in periodicals archive ?
Taken together, it can be seen that a number of Menispermaceae family plants have been observed to possess pharmacological components of clinical significance.
In this study, nine species of Brazilian plants were screened against Leishmania (L.) chagasi and Trypanosoma cruzi, based on the antiparasitic activities of the majority of the plant genus and/or studied species (Table 1) and, additionally, on the presence of isoquinoline alkaloids in the Annonaceae (Leboeuf et al., 1982; Akendengue et al., 1999), Menispermaceae (Thornber, 1970; Akendengue et al., 1999) and siparunaceae (Leitao et al., 1999) families.
131/ACRH, 132/ACRH, 133/ACRH, 134/ACRH, 25/ACRH, 135/ACRH, 136/ACRH, 137/ACRH and 138/ACRH respectively for the following plants (family and plant parts used were in the parenthesis), Commiphora mukul, (Burceraceae, gum), Allium sativum (Liliaceae, bulb), Plumbago indica (Plumbaginaceae, stem), Semecarpus anacardium (Anacardiaceae, seed), Hemidesmus indicus (Asclepiadaceae, seed), Terminalia arjuna (Combretaceae, bark), Tinospora cordifolia (Menispermaceae, stem), Withania somnifera (Solanaceae, root) and Ocimum sanctum.
Cyclea barbata Miers (Menispermaceae) is crushed by rubbing between two pieces of stones ('pata', where the lower stone is flat and rectangular and the upper stone is oval-shaped).
stem 89 Meliaceae Guaria guidonia (L.) Sleumer leaf 74 Menispermaceae Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith leaf 57 Myrsinaceae Stylogine cauliflora (Miq.
(Menispermaceae) are macerated and pills prepared from the macerated mix.
39 Stephania Menispermaceae Patalput Root japonica (Thunb.) Miers 40 Entada Mimosaceae Gilagait Leaf, phaseoloides fruit (L.) Merr.
Bamboo grass (Tiliacora triandra, Diels) is a tropical climbing plant with abundant green leaves and yellow flower, belonging to Menispermaceae family.
Tinospora cordifolia (Wild L) Guduchi (Menispermaceae) 75.
It belongs to family Menispermaceae and has significant importance for the treatment of urinary problems, fever and skin infection (Jain et al., 2015).