The itinerary includes 12 statues from different pharaonic eras including the Narmer Palette for the Early Dynastic, a Triad of King Menkaura
dating to the 4th dynasty of the Old Kingdom, a Sphinx of king Amenemhat III belonging to the Middle Kingdom, and a New Kingdom's Statue of Amenhotep son Hapu.
The pyramids were constructed as a final resting place for three of Egypt's rulers, named Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura. Though they were initially designed with secret tunnels and chambers so as to protect the king's body and treasures, grave robbers long ago succeeded in exploiting the riches contained within (Van De Mieroop, 2011).
Khufu's grandson, Menkaura, raised the third and smallest pyramid.
Common scale Ezekiel's scale Measure Millimeters Inches Millimeters Inches Cubit 444.25 1749 518.29 20.405 Span 222.12 8.745 259.14 10.202 Handbreadth 74.04 2.91 74.04 2.91 Finger 18.51 0.72 18.51 0.72 TABLE 3 Great Pyramid at Gizeh, Khufu 20.620 [+ or -] -005 Second Khafra 20.64 [+ or -] -03 Granite temple 20.68 [+ or -] -02 Third Pyramid Menkaura
20.71 [+ or -] .02 Peribolus walls 20.69 [+ or -] -02 Great Pyramid of Dahshur (?) 20.58 [+ or -] -02 Pyramid at Sakkara Pepi 20.51 [+ or -] -02 Fourth to sixth dynasty, mean of all 20.63 [+ or -] -02 TABLE 4 Egyptian common cubit 18.24 inches Egyptian royal cubit 20.64 inches Great Assyrian cubit 25.26 inches Beladi cubit 21.88 inches Black cubit 20.28 inches TABLE 5: Middle East names and dimensions for the cubit and related measures.
The two pyramids of his successors Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura
(Mycerinus) rise up alongside and nearby stands the Great Sphinx with the body of a lion and the head of a man, the largest monumental statue of Ancient Egypt.
Egyptologists attribute the three Giza pyramids to three IVth Dynasty pharaohs, Khufu (called Cheops by the Greeks), then Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus).
Generations of archaeologists excavated in and around the third pyramid, that of Menkaura, before Colonel Vyse.
"Egyptologists said that the piece of coffin with the inscription and the skeleton are evidence that Pharaoh Menkaura built the third Giza pyramid."
The three pyramids include the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Kafhre and the Pyramid of Menkaura
. They are tombs for each of these ancient Egyptian Kings.
Worth another chance in a race in which Menkaura
may rate the main danger.
, a newcomer for Frances Crowley and the mount of Jamie Spencer, completes the line-up.