Menominee


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Menominee

(mənŏm`ənē), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Also called the Menomini, they were a sedentary people who chiefly subsisted on the gathering of wild rice; the Algonquian name for wild rice is manomin. In c.1634, when they were visited by the missionary Jean Nicolet, the Menominee were living at the mouth of the Menominee River in Wisconsin and Michigan. From 1671 until 1854 they inhabited settlements that extended from the Menominee River S to the Fox River and bordered the western shore of Green Bay. Although some of the Menominee supported the British in the American Revolution and the War of 1812, they were generally peaceful toward the American settlers. The Menominee were, however, bitter enemies of the neighboring Algonquian tribes, who waged constant warfare to drive the Menominee out of the rich wild-rice area. In 1854 the Menominee were settled on a reservation (Menominee Reservation) on the Wolf River, in N central Wisconsin. The tribe owns one of the largest sawmills in the Midwest and operates a casino. In 1990 there were some 8,000 Menominee in the United States.

Bibliography

See F. Keesing, The Menomini Indians of Wisconsin (1939, repr. 1971); L. Spindler, Menomini Women and Culture Change (1962).


Menominee

(mənŏm`ənē), city (1990 pop. 9,398), seat of Menominee co., N Mich., W Upper Peninsula, on Green Bay at the mouth of the Menominee River; inc. 1883. It is a distribution center for upper Michigan and N Wisconsin. Metal, paper, and wood products and machinery are manufactured. Of interest is the "mystery ship," raised (1969) from the bottom of Green Bay, where it sank in 1864. A bridge connects Menominee with Marinette, Wis.

Menominee,

river, 118 mi (190 km) long, formed by the union of the Brule and the Michigamme rivers above Iron Mountain, W Upper Peninsula, N Mich., and flowing SE into Green Bay at Menominee. It passes through a once plentiful iron-ore region and forms part of the Wisconsin-Michigan line.

Menominee

 

(Menomini), an Algonquian-speaking Indian tribe in North America, numbering approximately 4,000 persons (1970, estimate).

Before the colonization of America, the Menominee lived in the Great Lakes region and engaged in fishing, hunting, and wild-rice gathering. In the second half of the 17th century, the Menominee, who had been drawn into the fur trade, abandoned their settled way of life and became wandering fur trappers. The commercial fur trade caused the disintegration of the Menominee maternal clan structure. In 1854, the Menominee were settled on a reservation within their former tribal territory (Wisconsin, USA).

The Menominee work as hired laborers, farmers, and wild-rice gatherers. By 1961, the Menominee had been deprived of most of their lands as a result of government acts; many of them were forced to move to cities in search of work. The Menominee are Catholics.

References in periodicals archive ?
"Five Years in America: The Menominee Collection of Antoine Marie Gachet", together with a catalogue raisonne and a selection of Gachet's hitherto unpublished drawings held by the Capuchin Friary in Fribourg, places in the contexts of Catholic missionary ethnographic collecting and of Menominee historical ethnography of the mid-nineteenth century, an extensive series of material and visual documents offering valuable insights into the lifeways of a Native American people of the western Great Lakes region during a period of cultural change and adaptation.
The bill was rejected and then delayed because of the failure of legislators to consult the Menominee and requests by Wisconsin representative Melvin Laird to secure higher share payments to members and to extend the time between the bill's enactment and termination from three to five years.
Gary Besaw, Menominee chairman, said they want to make sure minors do not have access to it, gangs do not become involved, and that it does not go outside the reservation to places where it is illegal.
In his final chapter, Rifkin turns to the Menominee poet Chrystos, whose urbanity, as opposed to that of Sarris's Pomo characters, is situated far from her people's forested Wisconsin lands.
The College of Menominee Nation and ZeroDivide Tribal are just two examples of programs using BTOP funds to further tribal communities broadband access and connection.
Our work has been in partnership with the American Indian Center of Chicago (AIC) and the Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin (see Bang et al., 2010, for a more detailed description.) Much of our focus has been on informal science learning and notions of biology that children may bring to the classroom.
She presents the early history of the tribes of Wisconsin, European arrivals, and the histories of the Menominee, Ho-Chunk, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Oneida, Mohican and the Brothertown Indian Nation.
Redline Enterprises runs a diverse operation that includes warehouses in Nogales, Ariz., as well as in Saginaw, Hudson, and Menominee, Mich.
On June 1, the Secretary offered the commencement address at the College of the Menominee Nation in Wisconsin.
She served as director of clinical experiences in education at the school and was liaison for early childhood education to the College of the Menominee Nation.
They're images of Menominee Forest, the centerpiece of the 235,000-acre Menominee Reservation in north-eastern Wisconsin and one of the most historically significant working forests in the world.