Menshutkin, Boris Nikolaevich
Born Apr. 17 (29), 1874, in St. Petersburg; died Sept. 15, 1938, in Leningrad. Soviet chemist and historian of chemistry. Son of N. A. Menshutkin.
B. N. Menshutkin graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1895. In 1907 he became a professor at the St. Petersburg (now the Leningrad) Polytechnic Institute. Between 1903 and 1907 he investigated a number of binary systems composed of MgBri or Mgli and alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, and acids using the method of thermal analysis. From 1909 to 1912 he studied binary systems formed from AlCb, SbCU, SbBrs, and benzene hydrocarbons and their derivatives. In the monographs Lomonosov as a Physical Chemist (1904) and The Works of M. V. Lomonosov in Physics and Chemistry (1936), Menshutkin was the first to analyze Lomonosov’s physical and chemical studies, including several unpublished ones. Menshutkin is also the author of several chemistry handbooks and manuals noted for simplicity and clarity of presentation.