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Related to Menstrual pain: menstrual cycle


Difficult or painful menstruation.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, women experience menstrual pain differently.
Dr Kristen Upson said: "Menstrual pain is the most common menstrual complaint and can substantially affect the quality of women's lives.
Symptoms Frequency Percent Lower abdominal pain 163 67.4 Back pain 126 52.0 Thigh pain 20 8.3 Headache 94 19.8 Dizziness 131 27.5 Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea 50 10.5 Decreased concentration 87 18.3 Loss of appetite 114 23.9 Table 5: Impacts of menstrual pain, 2014.
(14) Rather, the document focuses on recommending that clinicians ask girls the timing and length of their cycles, probably reinforcing again for the girl the idea that menstrual pain is normal.
This finding may support an adaptation-levels model because they compare cold pressor pain with internal menstrual pain.
Acupuncture, an integral part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) [10], has been verified to be effective in relieving the menstrual pain and reducing the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea through plenty of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) [11-13] and systematic reviews [14, 15].
They also completed a detailed questionnaire assessing their menstrual pain and duration.
Participants both with primary menstrual pain without significant pathology and without menstrual pain were recruited.
More than 5 million women in the United States suffer from endometriosis, a chronic inflammatory condition often associated with severe menstrual pain and infertility.
About 1 percent of women of childbearing age are not able to attend the workplace for one to three days a month due to severe menstrual pain. [7] Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation is a common gynecologic disorder that affects almost 50 percent of women of childbearing age.
Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the occurrence of painful menstrual cramps of uterine origin in the absence of any obvious underlying disease and is typically known as menstrual pain (2,3).