Menzel, Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von

Menzel, Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von

(ä`dôlf frē`drĭkh ĕrt`män fən mĕn`tsəl), 1815–1905, German painter and illustrator. Self-taught, Menzel made lithographic illustrations for Goethe's Künstlers Erdenwallen, which attracted attention. His 400 designs for woodblocks illustrating Kugler's History of Frederick the Great (1840–42) established his reputation and gave a stimulus to German wood engraving. While best known for historical paintings, he sketched scenes from nature related to impressionismimpressionism,
in painting, late-19th-century French school that was generally characterized by the attempt to depict transitory visual impressions, often painted directly from nature, and by the use of pure, broken color to achieve brilliance and luminosity.
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 in style. His work is best represented in museums in Berlin, London, and Cambridge, Mass.

Bibliography

See M. Fried, Menzel's Realism (2002).

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