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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people living chiefly in southern China (Hunan, Kweichow, Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region, Szechwan, and Yunnan) in five isolated groups, each having its own self-designation (Kusu, Hmu, Hmong, Amoyi, Kame). Some Miao live in countries of Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Burma), where they are called Meo. Total population, about 4 million (1970, estimate). The Miao speak a language of the Miao-Yao group. Their religion is shamanism.

The Miao are one of the oldest peoples of Southeast Asia. Their historical region of origin was Kweichow. Ancestors of the Miao lived in southern China as early as the second millennium B.C.. The Miao moved from China to Southeast Asia during the 13th through 15th centuries. Their chief occupation is agriculture (cultivation of maize, buckwheat, and irrigated rice); they also raise draft animals (buffalo). The Miao are known for their songs and dances and for their fine jewelry and embroideries.


Its, R. F. Etnicheskaia istoriia iuga Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1972.
Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The MEOS 2019 theme Resilience through Talent and Technology Transformation focuses on the challenges the oil and gas industry faces in meeting world energy demand efficiently, safely and responsibly in a fluctuating market, and the many emerging solutions available to those operating in this sector.
What tangible benefits do Bahrain hope to achieve by organising MEOS year after year?
A woman from Mewati clan, Nasira Mayo, is contesting the election as an independent candidate for NA-137, PTI's Rashid Tufail, another Meo representative, is in the race for NA-138 while five independent candidates of the same clan are in the run for PP-175.
Alafaleg expressed his gratitude and appreciation to Shaikh Mohammed for the warm reception and discussions held to make MEOS 2017 a great success.
Contrary to popular belief, the MEO monitors its own performance in terms of compliance with the SOW.
"We felt that Meos was extremely valuable in getting our technology to the market in the Middle East region," felt Gastronics.
"With a strong technical programme and comprehensive exhibition, companies and delegates alike can utilise MEOS 2015 to learn, forge business relationships, share expertise, and create new technologies in one of the most prolific hydrocarbon regions in the world," said Mr Al Kann.
The Chairman of the Board of Directors of Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) Adel Al Moayed considered the conference and exhibition of (MEOS) as one of the most important regional events, which started in Kingdom of Bahrain and still attains a regional and a world concern.
After careful consideration, it has been confirmed that MEOS will now take go ahead at the Bahrain International Exhibition and Convention Centre in September.
About 92 per cent of exhibitors surveyed on the last day ranked their experience at Meos 2011 as either 'good' or 'excellent'.
He added that more than 300 mega oil and gas companies from 30 countries and a number of experts and specialists will take part in MEOS 2013, a key event aimed at boosting the economy and upgrading the skills of national workforce.
The executive committee of MEOS and the event organisers have decided to reschedule the 17th edition of MEOS, a statement said.