Mercer, Hugh

Mercer, Hugh

(mûr`sər), c.1725–1777, American Revolutionary general, b. Aberdeen, Scotland. A physician, he was a surgeon in the forces of Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender) and after the defeat at Culloden (1746) emigrated to America. In the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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, Mercer served with Edward Braddock (1755) and John Forbes (1758) in their expeditions against Fort Duquesne. Mercer moved to Virginia, and, at the start of the American RevolutionAmerican Revolution,
1775–83, struggle by which the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic seaboard of North America won independence from Great Britain and became the United States. It is also called the American War of Independence.
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, helped organize the Virginia militia. He fought at Trenton (1776) and was mortally wounded at Princeton (Jan. 3, 1777).
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