Mercia


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Mercia: Wessex

Mercia

(mûr`shə), one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley. Its history emerges from obscurity with the reign of PendaPenda,
d. 654, king of Mercia (c.632–654). A noble of the Mercian royal house, he fought (629) the king of Wessex for lands along the Severn River. He then allied himself with Cadwallon of Wales, defeated (632) Edwin of Northumbria, and made himself king of Mercia.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who extended his power over Wessex (645) and East Anglia (650) to gain overlordship of England S of the Humber River. After his death Mercia suffered a three-year loss of ascendancy during which it was converted to Christianity by a Northumbrian mission. Penda's son, Wulfhere, then reestablished a Greater Mercia that finally, under ÆthelbaldÆthelbald
, d. 757, king of Mercia (716–57), grandson of a brother of Penda. He spent years in exile before he became king. A strong ruler, by 731 he controlled all England S of the Humber River and led expeditions into Northumbria (740) and against the Welsh (743).
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the 8th cent., extended over all S England. This hegemony was strengthened by OffaOffa
, d. 796, king of Mercia (757–96). He succeeded Æthelbald to the throne, but it was some years before he attained the power of his predecessor. Gradually he asserted his overlordship in Kent and then Sussex, and by 774 his charters styled him rex Anglorum
..... Click the link for more information.
 (reigned 757–96), who controlled East Anglia, Kent, and Sussex and maintained superiority of a sort over Wessex and Northumbria. He had the great Offa's Dyke built to protect W Mercia from the Welsh. After his death, Mercian power gradually gave way before that of Wessex. The victories of EgbertEgbert,
d. 839, king of Wessex (802–39). His name also appears as Ecgberht. He was descended from Cerdic and was apparently an unsuccessful aspirant for the crown of Wessex against Beohtric (reigned 786–802).
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Wessex in Mercia established him briefly as overlord. In 874, Mercia weakly succumbed to the invading Danish army, and ultimately the eastern part became (886) a portion of the DanelawDanelaw
, originally the body of law that prevailed in the part of England occupied by the Danes after the treaty of King Alfred with Guthrum in 886. It soon came to mean also the area in which Danish law obtained; according to the treaty, the boundary between England and
..... Click the link for more information.
, while the western part was controlled by AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Wessex. Thereafter Mercia had no independent history, although it had one more distinguished ruler in ÆthelflædÆthelflæd
or Ethelfleda
, d. 918, daughter of King Alfred the Great of Wessex and wife of Æthelred, ealdorman [alderman or earl] of Mercia. After her husband's death in 911, she ruled the semi-independent Mercia alone.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Lady of the Mercians.

Bibliography

See F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).

Mercia

 

one of the kingdoms that arose during the Anglo-Saxon conquest of Britain; founded by Angles in the late sixth century. At the height of its power Mercia occupied the area between the Humber River and the Thames River in central England. It achieved its greatest power in the eighth century, after subordinating other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. It was captured in the 820’s by Wessex.

Mercia

a kingdom and earldom of central and S England during the Anglo-Saxon period that reached its height under King Offa (757--96)
References in periodicals archive ?
Enterprise Ventures was owned entirely by its senior management team, all of whom are remaining with the enlarged group, including chief executive Jonathan Diggines, who joined the board of Mercia as an executive director on completion.
Henleyin-Arden-based Mercia is working the universities of York and Liverpool and Liverpool John Moores, taking the total number of its university partnerships to 14 across the Midlands, the north of England and Scotland.
That prompted an independent investigation into all previous contact by West Mercia officers with Reynolds at the request of the force, to be carried out by Devon and Cornwall Police.
Women: 1 Mel Price (Mercia, F40) 1-27.33, 2 Andrea Rowlands (Eryri, F35) 1-31.06, 3 Val Swingler (Shropshire, F45) 1-32.00, 4 Emma Gould (Mercia) 1-33.25, 5 Polly Gibb (Mercia, F45) 1-35.22, 6 Eloise Lee (Birmingham Running & Tri) 1-40.18.
The publication, by the Mercia Cinema Society, chronicles fromwhenBrighouse Town Hall became a cinema to the closure of the Albert - the town's last picture house - in 1972.
Mercia Systems designs, supplies and installs both robot-based and manual paint systems predominantly to the plastics industry and by working with ABB, Mercia will be able to offer the ABB 6-axis paint robot range to its customers.
POLICE officer numbers in the West Mercia force are to be raised to their highest level in seven years.
Communities across West Mercia will again help shape local policing this year, as John Campion invites views on police visibility, accessibility and local crime priorities.
It will now use the new PS1 million funding from Warwickshire-based investor Mercia Technologies, which has taken a 12.3 per cent stake in the firm, to grow its international operations in the US.
INVESTOR Mercia Technologies T has committed PS1.5 million in backing for an aluminium company born out research at the University of Birmingham.
17 February 2015 - UK-based technology funding and commercialisation company Mercia Technologies PLC (AIM: MERC) has acquired the remaining 80% interest in the Mercia Fund 2 Ltd.