Mercier, Désiré Joseph

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Mercier, Désiré Joseph

(dāzērā` zhôzĕf` mârsēā`), 1851–1926, Belgian churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was ordained in 1874 and eight years later became professor of philosophy at the Univ. of Louvain, where, under the auspices of Pope Leo XIII, he organized an institute for the study of the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas. He became a foremost leader in the 20th-century revival of interest in Thomistic scholasticism and in its integration with modern developments. He was made archbishop of Malines (1906) and cardinal (1907). Cardinal Mercier worked to secure greater cooperation between the Catholic clergy and the laity and to promote social well-being. In World War I, Cardinal Mercier became the spokesman of Belgian opposition to the German occupation, for which the Germans placed him under house arrest.

Bibliography

See his autobiography, Cardinal Mercier's Own Story (1920); biographies by H. L. Dubly (1928) and J. A. Gade (1934).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mercier, Désiré Joseph

 

Born Nov. 21, 1851, in Brainel’Alleud, Brabant; died Jan. 23, 1926, in Brussels. Belgian religious philosopher and church figure.

Mercier was a professor of philosophy at the University of Louvain (1882-1906), a Catholic archbishop (from 1906), and a cardinal (from 1907). He played a great role in the genesis of neo-Thomism. In Louvain he established the Higher Institute of Philosophy, or the School of Thomas Aquinas, in 1888. He founded the Thomist journal Revue neo-scolastique in 1894 (called Revue philosophique de Louvain since 1946) and helped to convert Louvain into an international center of neo-Thomism.

WORKS

Cours de philosophic, vols. 1-4. Paris, 1892-99.

REFERENCES

Lavelle, A. Le Cardinal Mercier. Paris, 1927.
Gade, J. The Life of Cardinal Mercier. New York-London, 1934.
De Raeymaeker, L. Le Cardinal Mercier. Louvain, 1952.
Simon, A. Position philosophique du Cardinal Merceir: Esquisse psychologique. Brussels, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.