Maurice Merleau-Ponty

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Merleau-Ponty, Maurice

 

Born Mar. 14, 1908, in Rochefort-sur-Mer; died May 4, 1961, in Paris. French idealist philosopher of the phenomenological school; some of MerleauPonty’s views had much in common with existentialism.

Merleau-Ponty studied philosophy at the Ecole Normale Superieure, where he worked closely with J.-P. Sartre (breaking with him in 1953) and with J. Hippolyte. He was also influenced by Gestalt psychology. In 1945, Merleau-Ponty became a professor at the University of Lyon and later at the Sorbonne (1949) and at the College de France (1952).

While working on the unpublished writings of E. Husserl, the founder of phenomenology, Merleau-Ponty arrived at a broader interpretation of intentionality as a characteristic not only of consciousness but of man’s whole relation to the world. Accordingly, he introduced the concept of preconscious (bodily) existence, which is sentient, because it is open to the world and not shut up in itself as a thing is. All of man’s being is the realization and revelation of his existence, which is accomplished by the infinite dialogue of the subject with the world. The subject and the world are the two poles of a single phenomenal field, in which the subject is always situationally bound and therefore can never be completely revealed and known.

In some of his works, Merleau-Ponty was critical of communism and attacked dialectical materialism.

WORKS

Phénoménologie de la perception. Paris, 1945.
Humanisme et terreur: Essai sur le problème communiste. Paris, 1947.
Sens et nonsens. Paris, 1948.
Les Aventures de la dialectique, 16th ed. Paris, 1955.
Signes. Paris, 1960.
Eloge de la philosophic et autres essais. Paris, 1965.
La Structure du comportement, 6th ed. Paris, 1967.
La Prose du monde. Paris, 1969.
Le Visible et /’invisible. Paris, 1971.

REFERENCES

Korolev, E. E. “Zlokliucheniia antimarksizma.” Voprosy filosofii, no. 4, 1956.
Kuznetsov, V. N. Frantsuzskaia burzhuaznaia filosofiia 20 v. Moscow, 1970. Pages 285–94.
De Waelhens, P. A. Une Philosophic de rambigui’te, 3rd ed. Paris, 1968.
Les Temps modernes, 1961, vol. 17, nos. 184–85.
Kwant, R. C. The Phenomenological Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. Pittsburgh, 1963.
Kwant, R. C. From Phenomenology to Metaphysics. Pittsburgh, 1966.
Langan, T. Merleau-Ponty !$• Critique of Reason. New Haven-London, 1966.

A. A. PUZYREI

References in periodicals archive ?
Interdisciplinary contributors in literature, philosophy, Christian studies, modernism, and sociology present reflections on the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and his contributions to artistic and literary modernism; the connections between modernism and philosophy are also investigated.
Assim como o Merleau-Ponty d'A Estrutura do Comportamento (1942) e Fenomenologia da Percepcao (1945), Sartre afirma que a temporalidade vem ao ser somente pela nadificacao do Para-si (4): "O Em-si nao dispoe de temporalidade precisamente porque e Em-si, e a temporalidade e o modo de ser unitario de um ser que esta perpetuamente a distancia de si para si" (idem).
Of the first sort, the reader will find essays by Jessica Wiskus (on Merleau-Ponty and Cezanne), Galen Johnson (on Merleau-Ponty's relation to Jean-Luc Nancy), Robert Switzer (on what he calls the "tactile cogito"), and Marcello Rosati (a frankly somewhat abstruse piece on Merleau-Ponty and virtuality).
Si bien ambos sentidos estan presentes en Merleau-Ponty, sin duda el primero es el que parece imponerse por su filiacion con el asunto de la vision.
La segunda parte del libro nos muestra que es posible encontrar la misma idea en Merleau-Ponty. El punto de vista de la experiencia particular se abre a la totalidad del mundo.
En segundo lugar, se destacaran algunas convergencias entre las conclusiones extraidas de esta primera seccion y la fenomenologia presentada por Merleau-Ponty en su discurso, Le primat de la perception et ses consequencesphilosophiques (1989).
En su libro la fenomenologia de la percepcion (1975), Merleau-Ponty, elabora una descripcion del sujeto, sobre todo, explica la manera como se presenta y se relaciona con su presente, como percibe ese mundo que tiene delante, que esta ahi.
In developing this, I will draw on Alfred North Whitehead's process metaphysics and Maurice Merleau-Ponty's ontology of flesh.
I also cannot believe that I never really bothered with Merleau-Ponty, the 'dancing philosopher' who (uniquely) gets a chapter all to himself in this book.
Hacia el final de su obra, Merleau-Ponty esbozara una via de superacion de dicho problema, de modo que la nocion de carne (chair) se posicionara como el pivote necesario para explicar la articulacion entre una dimension y otra.
Macke relies heavily on the works of three 20th century French philosophers: Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, and Georges Bataille.