After their defeat and during the era of the New Kingdom (16th to 11th century BC), an ancient-Egyptian settlement was established."At the end of this era, Pharaohs Ramesses II, Merneptah
and Ramesses II ordered that a monumental military fortress be built to protect Egypt from the attack of the so-called sea nations," said Rabekova, as quoted by TASR.
James concludes that, regardless of chronology, "Dynasty J" must have been at its pinnacle of power between year 5 Merneptah
and year 8 Ramesses III, a span of no less than thirty-two years (in the low Egyptian chronology), during which time there was no known significant Egyptian military activity in the Levant.
In the foyer, the statue of King Ramesses II and his son King Merneptah
are already in place.
GEM's lobby will host the statue of King Rameses II and the column of his son King Merneptah
; the grand staircase will include 87 royal statues and large architectural elements, including statues of kings Khafre, Menkaure, Senusret, Akhenaten and Amenhotep III.
GEM's lobby will host the statue of King Ramesses II and the column of his son King Merneptah
, the grand staircase will include 87 royal statues and large architectural elements including a statue of Kings Khafre, Menkaure, Senusret, Akhenaten and Amenhotep III.
Independent evidence that the Israelites were in Canaan between 1500 and 1050 BC can be found in the Merneptah
Stele, an Egyptian text dating from the reign of the Pharaoh Merneptah
, son of the well-known Ramesses the Great.
That Israelites were in Canaan between the years 1500 and 1050 BC can be proven using unrelated evidence, primarily the Merneptah
Stele - an Egyptian text written on a large granite block, on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
These include four known ancient inscriptions that mention "Israel," such as the Merneptah
Stele (an inscription from the time of Egyptian king Merneptah
in 1200 BCE, son of Pharaoh Ramses II of the Exodus story); the Tel Dan Stele (in which King Hazael of Aram-Damascus in the 9th century BCE boasts of his victories over the king of Israel and his ally the king of the "House of David"); the Mesha Stele (found on the banks of the Dead Sea, in which the king of Moav celebrates his victories over the Jewish kings of the Omri house, closely paralleling the text of Kings 11:3); and the Assyrian Kurkh Monoliths (which seem to reference King Ahab of Israel).
(1) The very brief reference that occurs in the last lines of the nineteenth dynasty pharaoh Merneptah
's so-called Israel Stela to "the people Israel," so beloved by biblical scholars, in fact represents no more than the ruler's note that with his victory over the Libyans, the reason for the stela, he now controlled not only the area to the west of Egypt, that is Libya, but also the areas to the northeast including various towns in the Canaanite area along with the people Israel, (2) all this largely as a result of the conquests accomplished by his father, Ramesses II, and others before him.
After the death of Ramses II, his thirteenth son Merneptah
ruled briefly, as all his elder brothers had died.