Meroë

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Meroë

(mĕr`ōē), ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced NapataNapata
, ancient city of Nubia, just below the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of Cush. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by Taharka (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.
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 as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent. B.C., Meroë was a major center for iron smelting. It is believed that knowledge of iron casting was carried (7th–10th cent.) from the middle Nile to the middle Niger by a great African overland route. Among Meroë's extensive ruins are royal palaces (6th cent. B.C.) and a temple of Amon. Nearby are cemeteries and three groups of pyramids.

Meroe

 

an ancient city in the Sudan, between the fifth and sixth cataracts of the Nile (the ruins of Meroe are 5 km north of present-day Kabushia). Beginning in the second half of the sixth century B.C., it was the capital of Cush (the Meroitic kingdom). A settlement existed on the site of Meroe as early as the Neolithic period. The city’s location near deposits of iron ore and at the intersection of caravan routes aided its rise. Circa 330–340 A.D. Meroe fell to the Axum kingdom. Excavations of the city were led by the British archaeologist J. Garstang from 1909 to 1914. The American scholar George Reisner studied the royal necropolises between 1920 and 1923.

REFERENCE

Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroedrevnie tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tourists can now learn about history and art at 22 site museums and visitor centres and stay overnight in two luxurious compounds near Sudan's World Heritage Sites of Meroe and Jabal Barkal.
While development has blighted the fringes of Egypt's Pyramids of Giza, Meroe is largely untouched - for now.
Sarah, left, pilots her 'ship of the desert' past pyramids of Meroe. Right top, a market in the village of Khabushia and, below, a coffee in Khabushia
Historicamente, a partir do seculo XX, Schumpeter contextualizou a invencao e a inovacao e suas respectivas diferencas, sendo essas, objetos de estudo e parte da sua teoria do desenvolvimento economico (Santos, Fazion & Meroe, 2011).
Five poems come from al-Raddi's Ted Hughes Award-shortlisted collection He Tells Tales of Meroe: Poems for the Petrie Museum , written during his residency there.
Zohreh Mahmoodi [1], Masoud Karimlou [2] *, Homeira Sajjadi [3], Masoomeh Dejman [4], Meroe Vameghi [5] and Mahrokh Dolatian [6]
Las poblaciones de la zona han sido muy dinamicas y moviles, bien por quedar subsumidas en los imperios (como el etiope, a partir del 1600 AD), reinos (como el de Meroe o Axum hacia el 100 AD o el de Funj hacia el 1600) o jefaturas (como la de los Oromo) que se desarrollaban a su alrededor, o bien para resistirse a su dominacion (Gonzalez Ruibal 2014: 55).
Moreover, the minister's statement coincided with the recent visit by the Queen Mother of Qatar, Sheikha Moza Bint Nasser, to the pyramids of Meroe.
The conference followed a campaign launched by some Egyptian media outlets ridiculing Sudan's cultural monuments after a visit by the Queen Mother of Qatar, Sheikha Moza Bint Nasser, to the pyramids of Meroe.
Here under the Sudan news "Agency publishes the full text of the statement by the Spokesman, ambassador Mulugeta: Your Excellency Hailemariam Desalegn, PM of the FDRE, Your Excellency Field Marshal Omar Hassan Al Bashir President of the republic of Sudan, Excellencies Ministers, Members of the Diplomatic Corps, Distinguished guests, Ladies and gentlemen, Today, we are honored to have, amongst us, HE President Omar Hassan Al Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan, a nation known for the civilization of Meroe, which flourished from the 6th century BC to the beginning of the 4th century AD, as colorfully recorded in the annals of history.
Werae Meroe. An island formed by the splitting of the Nile.
Or, venturing south, a novel that brings alive the Kingdom of Kush (and their pyramids at Meroe), or, to the west, the mighty Kanem-Bornu empire (which rose in 700AD and lasted nearly seven centuries), or much further south, stories from the time of Great Zimbabwe.