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(mĕr`ōē), ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced NapataNapata
, ancient city of Nubia, just below the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of Cush. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by Taharka (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.
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 as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent. B.C., Meroë was a major center for iron smelting. It is believed that knowledge of iron casting was carried (7th–10th cent.) from the middle Nile to the middle Niger by a great African overland route. Among Meroë's extensive ruins are royal palaces (6th cent. B.C.) and a temple of Amon. Nearby are cemeteries and three groups of pyramids.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an ancient city in the Sudan, between the fifth and sixth cataracts of the Nile (the ruins of Meroe are 5 km north of present-day Kabushia). Beginning in the second half of the sixth century B.C., it was the capital of Cush (the Meroitic kingdom). A settlement existed on the site of Meroe as early as the Neolithic period. The city’s location near deposits of iron ore and at the intersection of caravan routes aided its rise. Circa 330–340 A.D. Meroe fell to the Axum kingdom. Excavations of the city were led by the British archaeologist J. Garstang from 1909 to 1914. The American scholar George Reisner studied the royal necropolises between 1920 and 1923.


Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroedrevnie tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Further regulation of the Nile River downstream of Roseires would improve the utilization of the existing power generating facilities at Sennar Dam and would improve the capability of Merowe Dam and other proposed hydropower projects on the main Nile River.
(High Aswan Dam, Merowe Dam, Sennar dam, heightening of Roseires Dam).
Siddig told the audience that 40 containers were buried in the desert not far from the Merowe Dam construction site.
Since then, Hu has had unique influence in Khartoum and Juba because China buys 60% of Sudan's crude oil, having built projects such as the $1.8bn Merowe hydro-electric complex in the south, and refused to back UNSC sanctions over Darfur.
"The Merowe Dam alone (completed in 2009 at a cost of more than $2 billion) took up almost 40 percent of total public investment in national development projects between 2005 and 2008."
The Abu Dhabi Fund for Development was the largest UAE donor, contributing or administering Dh4.95 billion in grants and loans (more than half of the total aid), followed by the government, which contributed Dh3.06 billion.Donors contributed to an array of charitable, humanitarian and development activities ranging from support to displaced people in Pakistan and emergency food and medical aid for flood-ravaged in the Philippines, to work on major infrastructure construction projects such as the Merowe C Dam in Sudan.
AL-TAYEB SALIH WAS BORN on 12 July 1929 in Karmokol, near al-Debba and Merowe in Northern Sudan and died at dawn in London on 18 February 2009.
China has also heavily invested in infrastructure such as tanker terminals, roads, pipelines, and projects designed to electrify the country, such as the Merowe Dam.
The construction of the Merowe Dam Project on the Nile in Sudan began in 2000, receiving $200m from the Saudi Fund for Development, $150m from the Kuwait Fund for Economic Development, $150m from the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development, $106m from Oman, and $15m from Qatar.