mesembryanthemum


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Related to mesembryanthemum: Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

mesembryanthemum

any plant of a South African genus (Mesembryanthemum) of succulent-leaved prostrate or erect plants widely grown in gardens and greenhouses: family Aizoaceae

Mesembryanthemum

 

a genus of plants of the family Aizoaceae. They are low (4-60 cm) annual or biennial grasses with straight prostrate or creeping stems. The simple, alternate or opposite, succulent leaves are ovate, spatulate, or cylindrical. The entire plant is covered with glistening papillae, vesicles epidermal in origin. The bisexual flowers are solitary or in small inflorescences. The calyx is five-parted, and the numerous linear petals (staminodes) are white, red, pink, or, less often, yellow. The fruit is a five-celled capsule. There are approximately 50 species, found in southern and southwestern Africa in semideserts with sandy or rocky soils. Some species, such as Mesembryanthemum crystallinum and M. nodiflorum, grow wild in the Mediterranean region, the Canary Islands, Arabia, Iran, southern Australia, California, and Mexico. Many species are ornamentals and have been cultivated for a long time in open ground (for example, the ice plant).

References in periodicals archive ?
Detailed analyses of the regulation of the V-ATPase activity and of the transcription and translation of V-ATPase subunits in response to salinity stress have been carried out for the facultative halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum and it has been shown that the activity of the V-ATPase increases by a factor of 2.
Calcium dependence of settlement and nematocyst discharge in actinulae of the hydroid Tubularia mesembryanthemum.
Endogenous oscillations of the transcript amounts of subunit-c of the V-ATPase of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum with harmonic frequency resonances under continuous illumination.
110) gives a good overview of the current distribution of Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum.
In this study, to understand actinular settlement, we extensively examined larval behavior, morphological transformation, and nematocyte dynamics in the actinula larvae of Tubularia mesembryanthemum.
In addition, organ-specific expression of a salinity-induced gene (Pgm1) was reported for ice plant, Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.
Two brilliantly coloured ground covering plants are particularly popular - the so-called Livingstone daisies (Dorotheanthus bellidiformis) and Mesembryanthemum.
I've become a little biased against the Mesembryanthemum because it only opened itsflowers during sunny weather and didn't seem to last the season.
Vegetation and soil changes induced by Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.
Compartmentation of cadmium and iron in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum plants during the adaptation to cadmium stress.
Euphorbiaceae Eurasia Mesembryanthemum Aizoaceae Medit.