Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Mespilus: medlar tree
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of deciduous plants of the family Rosa-ceae. It embraces one species, the medlar (Mespilus germánica), a tree or shrub measuring 3–6 m tall. The shoots are thorny except in cultivated forms. The leaves are lanceolate or ovate, and the flowers are solitary, large, and white. The fruit is a rounded drupe, whose tart, firm flesh becomes soft and sweet after frosts, fermentation, or complete ripening.

The medlar grows wild in Iran, in Asia Minor, and on the Balkan Peninsula; in the USSR it is encountered in the Caucasus, the Crimea, and Turkmenia. The plant is cultivated in some European countries, in the USA, and in the southern regions of the USSR. The fruits contain up to 10 percent sugars, 1.1 percent malic acid, and 1.6–15.8 mg percent vitamin C; they are eaten fresh or pickled, and pastille and wine are made from them. The wood is suitable for turned products. The medlar is a good nectar-bearer.

The medlar is propagated from seeds and by grafting. I. V. Michurin developed a high-quality variety of Sorbus by crossing the medlar with a variety of Sorbus that he had previously developed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The snowy mespilus (Amelanchier larmarckii) is especially suitablefor smaller gardens, and so is the Smoke Tree (Cotinus coggygria) so named because the flower heads can be mistaken for puffs of smoke.
Realizaban desplazamientos cortos de un arbol de nispero (Mespilus spp; Fig.
Snowy mespilus or Amelanchier makes a shrubby tree and has white starry blooms in spring, emerging on bare branches and finishing as coppery–bronze leaves unfurl.
SNOWY MESPILUS OTHERWISE known as Amelanchier, this shrubby tree is great value for a small garden, providing clouds of white starry blooms in spring, usually emerging on bare branches, and finishing just as coppery-bronze young leaves unfurl.
This fruit, botanically named mespilus germanica, grows wild throughout south eastern Europe and into central Asia.
One of my spring favourites is the amelanchier - also known as the snowy mespilus or June berry.
If you are planting in a damp area, for instance, you will be fine with all the willows, our native silver birch (Betula pendula), the lovely river birch (Betula nigra), and snowy mespilus (Amelanchier lamarckii), which, along with my favourite magnolia, is one of the great flowering trees.
Amelanchier lamarckii, snowy mespilus, is a lovely little tree for a small garden.
TO DO LIST | For autumn colour next year plant three of the best: amelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus), cotinus coggygria (smoke tree), and ccer palmatum senkaki.
Amelanchier lamarcki, Snowy mespilus A superb, multi-use large shrub or small tree.
Perhaps the most ideal of all small garden ancient fruits is the medlar (Mespilus germanica), which was brought to this country by the Romans.