Messenia

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Related to Messinia: Messenian, Messinia Prefecture

Messenia

(mĕsē`nēə), ancient region of SW Greece, in the Peloponnesus and corresponding to the modern nome of Messinías. Excavation has revealed an important center of Mycenaean culture at PylosPylos
, ancient harbor, Messenia, SW Greece, on a bay of the Ionian Sea. Excavations have revealed a great Mycenaean palace of the 13th cent. B.C., perhaps the dwelling of King Nestor.
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 dating from the 13th cent. B.C. From the 8th cent. B.C. the Messenians were engaged in a series of revolts against expanding Sparta. After the First Messenian War the Spartans annexed (c.700 B.C.) the eastern part of Messenia. With the Second Messenian War the remaining inhabitants were reduced (7th cent. B.C.) to helots. The Third Messenian War (464–459 B.C.) was a failure for Messenia, but very costly to Sparta. The battle of LeuctraLeuctra
, village of ancient Greece, in Boeotia, 7 mi (11.3 km) SW of Thebes. There the Spartans were defeated (371 B.C.) by the Thebans under Epaminondas. A brilliant tactical success, the battle also dealt a severe blow to Spartan hegemony.
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 (371 B.C.) freed Messenia, and Messene was founded (c.369 B.C.) as the capital. The region gave its name to Messina, Sicily, because of an influx of Messenian colonists (c.490 B.C.).

Bibliography

See C. A. Roebuck, A History of Messenia from 369 to 146 B.C. (1941); The Minnesota Messenia Expedition, ed. by W. A. McDonald and G. R. Rapp (1972).

Messenia

 

(Messinia), the name of a region in ancient Greece, in the southwestern Peloponnesus, and of a modern nomos. According to legend, it was inhabited by the Leleges. Homer describes it as the kingdom of the legendary Nestor, with its capital at Pilos, where many remains of the Aegean culture have been preserved. As a result of the Messenian Wars, Messenia came under Spartan rule. It regained its independence in 369 B.C., after Epaminondas’ victory over Sparta. That year Messene was founded as the capital of the region. In the first century B.C., Messenia was incorporated into the Roman province of Achaea.

Messenia

the southwestern area of the Peloponnese in S Greece
References in periodicals archive ?
WHEN I MEET Franck Juhel, president of Montblanc for the Middle East, Africa and India, on the second floor of the $12,000-a-night Villa Koroni at the Costa Navarino resort in Greece's southern Messinia region, he doesn't look one bit rushed.
In addition, moisture content values for fir honeys collected from Messinia, Karditsa, and Metsovo (Greece) were in accordance (<18.5%) with the Greek decision [16] involving the botanical identification of monofloral honeys.
Born in 1935, Captain Vassilis grew up in a poor family in the village of Diavolitsi in northern Messinia, before moving to Athens at the age of 13.
I sat on the balcony and watched a shepherd bring his herd of at least seventy black goats down from Laconia's Tayegetus mountains, which border Messinia to the east.
Makaris points out his work focuses on a specific region, Messinia 6 the heart attack impact could be even worse in the more urban capital, Athens.
A third study found that heart attacks rose sharply in the Messinia area of southwestern Greece since January 2008, the start of that country's financial crisis.
Finally, for several of the remaining prefectures of the third category with high sandy beaches, including Ilia, Messinia and Lasithi, it should be noted that the influence of indirect population dynamic to the direction of increasing urban sprawl had not begun yet, at least during the period under study.
[30] Ladas I., Fountoulis I., Mariolakos I., 2007, "Using GIS & Multicriteria Decision Analysis in landslide susceptibility mapping--Case study in Messinia prefecture area (SW Peloponnesus, Greece)," Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the Geological Society of Greece, Athens, Greece, 1973-1985.
By comparison, Esti's extra virgin oil is made from Koroneiki olives that grow in Mani, a region of Messinia, at the foot of Mi Taygetos.
At the moment there is 1 POTA in Greece, in Messinia. Each section of POTA includes tourist facilities, special tourism infrastructure facilities and additional facilities for recreation, sports and spending free time (Prefectural Administration of Messinia, 1997).
Crete, Arcadia, Messinia, Ileia, and Laconia are the top production regions, while only Arta and Grevena appear to have completely clean records.
GREECE: Simply Travel (0871 231 4041) offers seven nights' self-catering from May 3 at Villa Methoni on Messinia from pounds 294 per person LATE DEALS (five sharing), incl return flights and car.