Metalinguistics


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

Metalinguistics

 

a branch of linguistics that studies the aggregate of the ethnic, social, historical, and geographic factors that are inseparably linked to the development of language.

The distinction between external and internal linguistics originated with the Swiss linguist F. de Saussure, one of the founders of structural linguistics. He recognized that the culture, history, and customs of a people, the relationships between language and the social institutions (school, church, and so on), the geographic distribution of languages, and linguistic contacts can influence the development of language; however, he considered all this alien to the “organism of language”—to its system. He introduced the contrast of language and speech and of synchrony and diachrony. Language is independent of speech; consequently, its system does not depend on extralinguistic factors. On the other hand, the origin of a particular linguistic element that can be associated with some external factor is not essential for the study of the contemporary state of a language or a synchronic analysis of its system; only the relationships obtaining between the elements in a system are important.

Modern Soviet linguistics does not deny the existence of external and internal aspects of language. The interaction of external and internal linguistic factors is particularly evident during periods of intensive linguistic contacts and in cases of bilingualism and multilingualism.

REFERENCES

Saussure, F. de. Kurs obshchei lingvistiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933. (Translated from French.)
Baudouin de Courtenay, I. A. “Nekotorye obshchie zamechaniia o iazykovedenii i iazyke.” Izbrannye trudy po obshchemu iazykoznaniiu, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Budagov, R. A. Iz istorii iazykoznaniia (Sossiur i sossiureanstvo). Moscow, 1954.
Akhmanova, O. S., and V. Z. Panfilov. “Ekstralingyisticheskie i vnutrilingvisticheskie faktory v funktsionirovanii i razvitii iazyka.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1963, no. 4.

V. V. RASKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Children talking about writing: Investigating metalinguistic understanding.
This socio-ideological language consciousness differs from metalinguistic awareness or sociolinguistic awareness in that it involves one becoming aware of the 'necessity of having to choose a language' (Bakhtin 1981:295).
Fairclough (2001) comments that no significant advances have been made in terms of critical awareness of language, which endorses to reform ELT pedagogy to brush up the learners' metalinguistic ability.
She used a spider map thinking tool to facilitate learning the language of 'metalinguistics'.
Keywords: Metalinguistics, metapragmatics, late oral development, metapragmatic conscience, MPC.
Related Terms: Basic Skills; Cultural Literacy; Illiteracy; Literacy Education; Metalinguistics; Numeracy; Reading Skills; Reading Writing Relationship; Writing Skills.
He also qualifies his thoughts in terms of semiotics and metalinguistics. In his writings he continuously critiques the tendency to reduce communicative processes to relations between the sender and receiver and between langue and parole, as improperly established by Saussure.
The purpose of this study was to compare the opinions of incarcerated female juvenile delinquents and their teachers on the delinquents' performance on communication behaviors involving metalinguistics and metacognitive skills.
Children's understanding of homonymy: metalinguistics awareness and false belief.
In her discussion of metalinguistics and neologisms, Johnson-Smith notes that different approaches to science fiction such as satire and parody, as evidenced in films like Brazil (1985) and Galaxy Quest (1999), respectively, "offer comment upon our own world through metaphor and extrapolation, with utopian or dystopian visions of alternative realities" (30).