weather satellite

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Related to Meteorological satellites: Satellite meteorology, Weather satellites

weather satellite,

artificial satellitesatellite, artificial,
object constructed by humans and placed in orbit around the earth or other celestial body (see also space probe). The satellite is lifted from the earth's surface by a rocket and, once placed in orbit, maintains its motion without further rocket propulsion.
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 used to gather data on a global basis for improvement of weather forecasting. Information includes cloud cover, storm location, temperature, and heat balance in the earth's atmosphere. The first weather satellites in the United States were those of the Tiros series, which began in 1960; the Nimbus series, which moved in a polar orbit, was next; the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) started in 1966 and launched weather satellites; and in 1972, the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) provided photographs to help forecasting. Other meteorological satellites include a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES), which send weather data and pictures that cover a section of the United States; China, Japan, India, and the European Space Agency (ESA) have similar craft. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's satellite series relay meteorological data to stations on the surface, including information on possible changes in various weather parameters that may signal climateclimate,
average condition of the atmosphere near the earth's surface over a long period of time, taking into account temperature, precipitation (see rain), humidity, wind, barometric pressure, and other phenomena.
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 change.

Bibliography

See R. Taggart, Weather Satellite Handbook (5th ed. 1995); S. Q. Kidder et al., Satellite Meteorology: An Introduction (1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
China has launched 17 Fengyun series meteorological satellites, of which seven are currently in operation.
Filter radiometers that possessed relatively high spatial resolution and broadband spectral resolution were placed on meteorological satellites in polar orbit [such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and FengYun-3 series] and GEO (such as the GOES series).
The objective of this study is (1) to estimate the daily actual ET using semiempirical method, B-method, considering various type of land cover and surface roughness in heterogeneous regions, Korea, by using geostationary meteorological satellite data (Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite, COMS) and polar-orbiting satellite data (Systeme Pour l'Observation de la Terre, SPOT) and (2) to evaluate estimated daily actual ET derived from B-method using flux tower ET measurements and compare it to MODIS averaged 8-day ET (MOD16).
The ALEXI model mainly uses data from meteorological satellites, but it also receives data on vegetation cover from NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites.
Wald (1986) "A method for the determination of global solar radiation from meteorological satellite data", Solar Energy 37, pp 31-39.
THE EUROPEAN Space Agency (ESA) has announced a new launch date for the first of a network of three meteorological satellites that will gather data in a polar orbit, providing crucial weather information.
SYNOPSIS: Intent is to initiate studies to determine adequate protection measures to protect passive Earth Exploration Satellite Services (EESS), space research sold meteorological satellites.
Meteorological satellites have been flown in near-Earth orbit since the 1960s.
meteorological satellites show that the southern edge of the Sahara ebbed and flowed more like a tide over an 11-year period starting in 1980.
The operationalization of GSLV has made the country self-reliant in the launching capability of 2 tonne class of satellites for communication & meteorological satellites. The GSLV Continuation Programme will sustain & strengthen the capability and self-reliance in the launching of similar satellites for national requirements including next generation navigation satellites, data relay communication satellites and interplanetary missions.
The European Commission's Copernicus Programme is the world's largest EO programme, in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA), the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), EU agencies, Mercator Ocean and the European member states, and highlights the role of government agencies within the EO landscape.
The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites also released a colorful composite image that combines layers of infrared data from its own geostationary satellite as well as of the Japan Meteorological Agency and the United States' National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA.

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