Methane-oxidizing Bacteria

methane-oxidizing bacteria

[′meth‚ān ¦äk·sə‚dīz·iŋ bak′tir·ē·ə]
(microbiology)
Bacteria that derive energy from oxidation of methane.

Methane-oxidizing Bacteria

 

bacteria capable of assimilating methane and methyl alcohol in low concentrations as their sole sources of energy and carbon.

Methane-oxidizing bacteria are characterized by a developed membrane apparatus. They do not grow on ordinary media. A typical representative of the group is Methanomonas methanica, a nonsporiferous gram-negative flagellate bacillus. The assimilation of the methane carbon is accomplished either through the synthesis of allulose phosphate or the formation of the amino acid serine. Inexpensive fodder protein can be produced by growing the bacteria on natural gas consisting mainly of methane. Methane-oxidizing bacteria inhabit bodies of water, oxidizing the methane formed in the silt. They are also found in the soil above gas or petroleum deposits. Attempts have been made to control methane accumulations in mines by using methane-oxidizing bacteria.

References in periodicals archive ?
The natural and unnatural history of methane-oxidizing bacteria.
The interactions of methane and ammonia oxidations in a paddy soil by methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) and ammonia- oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and archaea (AOA) were investigated through microcosm incubation study.
The monophyly of bathymodiolin SOX and MOX bacteria identified in previous studies indicated that these symbioses evolved only twice in bathymodiolin mussels, once with sulfur-oxidizing bacteria and once with methane-oxidizing bacteria.