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in ancient Greece, aliens, including freed slaves, who had settled in a city-state. Most of the information available to modern scholars concerns the Athenian metics.

Although the metics were personally free, they had no political rights, were not allowed to marry Athenian citizens, and, as a rule, could not own real property. Each metic was obliged to have an Athenian citizen as a guardian or patron, pay a special metic tax to the state (12 drachmas a year for a man and six for a woman), and register with the deme (local government body) of his place of residence. The metics were subject to military service and, like Athenian citizens, had to pay the eisphora, a special war tax. Some metics were wealthy slaveholders, merchants, shipowners, or owners of handicraft shops. The liturgy (leitourgia, a public service or office) was imposed on wealthy metics, as well as on wealthy Athenians. In the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. a considerable proportion of the urban population of Athens was made up of metics, who played an important role in the economy of the city-state. The status of the metics varied, depending on the city-state.


Latyshev, V. V. Ocherk grecheskikh drevnostei, part 1. St. Petersburg, 1897.
Gluskina, L. M. “Afinskie meteki v bor’be za vosstanovlenie demokratii v kon. V v. do n. e.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1958, no. 2.
Clerc, M. Les Métèques athéniens. Paris, 1893.
References in periodicals archive ?
178), which suggests that one could hire independent, metic pipers.
Meyer argues that an increasingly pro-metic atmosphere resulted in measures being taken to discourage frivolous lawsuits accusing metics of failing to pay this tax, and that it is by metic victories in these legal procedures, rather than legal processes associated with emancipation, that the phialai were generated.
as "queer" metics, makes great strides by addressing important facets of modernism's "unassessed vitality.
Yet we must concur with George Huxley (1985, 143) who argues that the many does not include farmers, metics, artisans, and slaves, none of whom are citizens.
In ancient Greece, for example, it was metics, largely foreigners, who drove the marketplace economy disdained by most well-born Greeks.
It made economic sense in their society to give metics and slaves protection, since it depended on trades and services for survival.
That classical Athenian monuments share many icono-graphical features with those of the cities from which metics ca will have made conforming further to Athenian citizen practice unproblematic.
26) No doubt the majority of prostitutes in Athens were slaves or metics, but the existence of the citizen prostitute is clear from, for instance, the case presented in Isaeus 3, which turns on whether a particular woman was the lawfully wedded wife of a citizen or was a hetaira: to marry a citizen legally the woman would have needed to be herself of citizen status, and indeed her citizen status is never brought into question in the speech.
Aristotle assumes that some of the noncitizens will be metics or resident aliens, who will not even expect to form part of the political community.
As he argues so well against "legal evolution," it is surprising that Todd accepts the notion that resident aliens - metics - at some point advanced to a more active part in public prosecutions.
looking from within its ethical and political architecture), he might, like Odysseus take offence, thinking that we were calling him a trader, one of those marginal people, the metics, whose only fatherland is profit, and who therefore are the "elsewhere" of the city (Odyssey 8.
Metics wrote speeches delivered by citizens in court and in the assembly.