In 1801-1804 Elgin removed many sculptures which belonged to the pediments, metopes
and the frieze.
Only a few fragments remain of its metopes
, but its magnificent carvings are found in the museum.
In the early nineteenth century, Thomas Bruce, the seventh Earl of Elgin, removed "approximately half of the remaining sculptures and decorative relief-carvings of the Parthenon." (59) With permission from the Ottoman Empire, over the course of eight years Elgin's men removed "274 feet of frieze of marble blocks that surrounded the Parthenon's main inner chamber, fifteen of the ninety-two metopes
from the outer colonnade, and seventeen figures in the round from the triangular pediments." (60) Elgin's motivation in acquiring the marbles stemmed from his desire to "raise the level of understanding and appreciation of Greek art, and to revitalize artistic endeavor in Britain." (61) Upon the arrival of the Parthenon marbles in Britain, Elgin's actions immediately became a point of contention.
In discussing columns and capitals for example orders are delineated: Doric characteristics are its frieze with alternating metopes
and triglyphs; Ionic with characteristic scrolled capitals and fluted columns; and Corinthian with its capital covered with rows of acanthus leaves.
Temple decoration and cultural identity in the archaic Greek world; the metopes
Schwab is on the metopes
. She alerts us to the various debates in recent scholarship.
Dans le jeu qui s'instaure entre l'ecrivain et l'oeuvre plastique, un rapport allegorique s'etablit: "Je suis passe aux platres des metopes
du Parthenon; ces platres avaient pour moi un triple interet: j'avais vu a Athenes les vides laisses par les ravages de lord Elgin, et, a Londres, les marbres enleves dont je retrouvais les moulures a Vienne.
(64) Today, the British Museum houses fifty-six of the surviving panels, as well as original metopes
, pedimental figures, and sculptures, collectively known as the Elgin Marbles, from the Parthenon and the surrounding buildings.
They include, for example, all the sculpted metopes
of the temple being concentrated on the front or just around the comers over the two most easterly intercolumniations of each side.
The two pediments and twelve metopes
adorning the Temple of Zeus at Olympia of ca.
were not quite square, but were designed to appear square from below.