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Inflammation of the uterus, usually involving both the endometrium and myometrium.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the muscular and mucosal layers of the uterus.

Metritis is caused by the introduction of infection (usually streptococcal or staphylococcal) into the uterine cavity after abortion or complications in labor. Less often, metritis is a complication of acute diseases, such as tuberculosis or tonsillitis. In the majority of cases it begins with inflammation of the mucosa, called endometritis, but in acute endometritis the inflammatory process almost always extends to the muscular layer, so that metritis proper develops and the entire process acquires the character of metroendometritis. Acute metritis is manifested by elevation of body temperature, general weakness, and headache. The uterus is enlarged and tender. Palpation produces vaginal discharges of pus or of blood and pus.

Acute metritis is treated with rest, cold applied to the lower abdomen, antibiotics, and sulfanilamide preparations. Chronic metritis is treated with physical therapy and health resort therapy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This model included BCS at 1 month postpartum ([greater than or equal to] 2.75 vs <2.75), IDE or timed AI, peri- and postpartum disorders (dystocia, retained placenta, septicemic metritis, clinical endometritis, ketosis, milk fever, and abomasal displacement), calving to first AI interval (<80 vs [greater than or equal to] 80 days), cows that did or did not conceive at first AI, and the interactions between these variables.
Se resalta que en el caso de los bovinos, 5 de las 11 patologias afectaron a hembras vacias y gestantes (vulvovaginitis, mastitis, metritis, anestro, distocia, retencion de placenta y repeticion de celo); y 4 a hembras prenadas (aborto, cria debil, prematura y natimorto), mientras que en las bufalas 2 de las 5 patologias afectaron animales vacios (repeticion de celos y anestro) y 3 animales durante parto (aborto, cria debil y natimorto) (Figura 2).
Treatment of metritis is often intensive, requiring antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), fluids and possible flushing of the uterus.
Adicionalmente, se realizaron pruebas de Ji-cuadrado o Fischer [29] para establecer las diferencias en la presentacion de cetosis subclinica entre los tratamientos estableciendo el punto de corte para la presentacion de cetosis subclinica cuando [beta]JHBA > 1,2 mmol/L [12], presentacion de BEN en el preparto cuando NEFA > 400 [micron]mol/L y en el posparto cuando las concentraciones de [beta]JHBA> 0,6 mmol/L o de NEFA de > 700 [micron]mol/L [6], presentacion de enfermedades del periparto (metritis, retencion de placenta, claudicaciones y fiebre de leche) y porcentaje de prenez al primer servicio.
The duration of post-partum anoestrus is influenced by a number of factors including nutritional status, suckling, periparturient disease (Ketosis, mastitis, retained placenta, metritis), season of calving, breed, and age or parity of cow [24, 25].
Earlier this year contagious equine metritis (CEM) was diagnosed in a thoroughbred mare (covered by a non-thoroughbred stallion) and some "in contact" horses were also affected.
These researchers [36,37,14] reported that recognition of a target level for NEFA and [beta]HBA are difficult, because of variation between animals; however, critical threshold for metabolic disorders such as displaced abomasums, clinical ketosis, metritis or retained fetal membranes are 0.72, 0.57, and 0.36 mM/lit and odds ratios are 9.7, 5, and 16, respectively.
The prime illnesses DVM helps prevent are mastitis (inflammation of the udder) and metritis (inflammation of the uterus).
A patient who develops subsequent postoperative metritis will not be at higher risk of harboring an abscess if ORC was applied.