Metropolitan Museum of Art


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Metropolitan Museum of Art,

New York City, founded in 1870. The Metropolitan Museum is the foremost repository of art in the United States and one of the world's great museums. It opened in 1880 on its present site on Central Park facing Fifth Ave. The original Gothic Revival-style building was designed by Calvert Vaux and J. W. Mould and expanded by Richard Morris Hunt and by McKim, Mead, and White during the early 1900s. The present facade and entrance structure was completed in 1926. The museum is owned by the city, which contributes to its upkeep, but otherwise it is supported by private endowment and income from memberships and admissions.

The museum's most outstanding collections include European paintings and sculpture of the Renaissance, baroque, and modern periods; pastels; watercolors; miniatures; a vast number of drawings and graphic art works; and armor. Much of the museum's remarkable medieval art collection is housed in the CloistersCloisters, the,
museum of medieval European art, in Fort Tryon Park, New York City, overlooking the Hudson River. A branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, it was opened to the public in May, 1938.
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, a separate building in northern Manhattan erected from various medieval components in 1938. The American Wing houses one of the finest and most comprehensive collections of the nation's art. The print collection includes woodcuts and engravings, dating from the 15th cent., as well as etchings, lithographs, and graphic works in other media.

The museum's hundreds of examples of Greek pottery and its Greek and Roman sculptures are among the finest such collections in the world. The extensive Egyptian collection has objects dating from 30,000 B.C. to A.D. 641 and architectural monuments including the mastaba of Perneb (erected c.2460 B.C.) and the Temple of Dendur (c.15 B.C.). There also are fine collections of Middle Eastern and Asian art, the Michael C. Rockefeller collection of primitive art, a wing devoted to 20th-century art, and an important exhibition of antique and primitive musical instruments. The Costume Institute provides a source of inspiration and reference for designers through its collection of authentic costumes and accessories, international in scope and covering four centuries. In 2016 the Met Breuer, dedicated to modern and contemporary, opened in the leased former home of the Whitney Museum of American ArtWhitney Museum of American Art,
in New York City, founded in 1930 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney with a core group of 700 artworks, many from her own collection. The museum was an outgrowth of the Whitney Studio (1914–18), the Whitney Studio Club (1918–28), and the
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.

Bibliography

See C. Tomkins, Merchants and Masterpieces (1970, rev. ed. 1989); two guidebooks, The Cloisters, (3d ed. 1963) and Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide (ed. by P. de Montebello, rev. ed. 2000); D. Danziger, Museum: Behind the Scenes at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (2007).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

in New York City, the largest art collection in the United States. Founded in 1870, the Metropolitan Museum of Art opened in 1872. The museum is situated in Central Park and has a branch in Fort Try on Park. Much of the collection consists of formerly private collections, which were donated to the museum. The museum has departments of American painting and sculpture, arms and armor, ancient Far Eastern and Near Eastern art, ancient Egyptian art, Greek and Roman art, Islamic art, Medieval art (a branch), musical instruments, engravings and lithographs, European painting, and 20th-century art, as well as a book museum, a children’s museum, and a costume institute. The Metropolitan’s collection of masterpieces of world art include Euphronius’ calyx krater depicting Sarpedon, Cellini’s Rospigliosi cup, Raphael’s Madonna and Child Enthroned With Saints, Titian’s Venus and the Lute Player, Vermeer’s Sleeping Girl, El Greco’s View of Toledo, Rembrandt’s Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer, F. Hals’ Hille Babbe, and J. Watteau’s Le Mezzetin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art publishes the periodicals The Bulletin, Calendar of Events, and Annual Report.

WORKS

Lerman, L. The Museum: One Hundred Years and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York [1969.]

I. A. ANTONOVNA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Metropolitan Museum of Art

the principal museum in New York City: founded in 1870 and housed in its present premises in Central Park since 1880
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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