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Mexicali(māhēkä`lē), city (1990 pop. 438,377), capital of Baja California state, NW Mexico, across the border from Calexico, Calif. Once noted chiefly as the center of a cotton- and cereal-raising area, it also has experienced since the late 20th cent. extensive construction of foreign-owned assembly plants called maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
..... Click the link for more information. ; the items produced in such plants include consumer electronics and high-technology products. The Autonomous Univ. of Baja California is there.
a city in northwestern Mexico, on the US border, and the administrative center of Lower California. Population, 390,400 (1970). The city is a transportation junction and the center of an irrigated farming region producing cotton, wheat, tomatoes, and oilseed crops. The chief industries are cotton ginning, food processing, and metal working.