Mexican Communist Party

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Mexican Communist Party


(MCP, Partido Comunista Mexicano), created in November 1919, when the workers’ movement gained strength in Mexico under the influence of the Great October Socialist Revolution and the Mexican Socialist Party adopted a resolution to join the Comintern.

For a long time the MCP waged a persistent struggle against the petit bourgeois ideology of reformism and anarcho-syndicalism, which had gained a wide following among the Mexican working class. The MCP actively sought to win over the masses and organized the anti-imperialist movement. On its initiative the Anti-imperialist League of America was established in 1924 and the National Peasant League in 1926, the latter playing an important role in the spread of the peasant movement. In 1929 the Communists helped establish the Mexican Unitary Trade-Union Confederation (MUTUC). Also formed that year was the Workers’ and Peasants’ Bloc, comprising the MCP, the MUTUC, the National Peasant League, and a number of local workers’ and peasants’ organizations. Frightened by the Communist Party’s growing influence, the ruling circles banned it in June 1929. After regaining legal status in 1936, the MCP organized several major actions by the masses of workers and peasants between the mid-1930’s and early 1940’s.

During the mid-1940’s the leadership of the MCP fell under the influence of the American revisionist E. Browder, and later the MCP underwent several acute intraparty crises. In the early 1950’s the party succeeded in overcoming factionalism. The Thirteenth Congress (May 1960) elected a new leadership and laid the foundation for a new political party line. The Fourteenth Congress (December 1963) adopted party rules and a program. The Fifteenth Congress (June 1967) carefully analyzed the domestic political situation and the country’s socioeconomic condition, made more precise and developed certain programmatic tenets (for example, on the nature of the first phase of the coming revolution and its moving forces), and marked out the party’s specific tasks in the immediate future. The congress defined the coming Mexican revolution as a popular-democratic, anti-imperialist revolution whose tasks and goals would include elimination of the country’s economic dependence on imperialism, the attainment and defense of full and genuine national sovereignty, the establishment of a popular-democratic system, and the creation of the material conditions for building socialism. The MCP described the present period of the revolutionary movement in the country as a time for gathering strength—a tense economic, political, and ideological struggle. The Sixteenth Congress (October and November 1973) adopted a new party program and new party rules. The Seventeenth Congress (December 1975) outlined the MCP’s tactics for the 1976 presidential and parliamentary election campaigns, mapped out the party’s main tasks in the coming years, analyzed the party’s

Table 1. Congresses of the Mexican Communist Party
First ........Mexico CityDecember 1921
Second ........Mexico City1923
Third ........Mexico CityApril 1925
Fourth ........Mexico CityMay 1926
Fifth ........Mexico City1927
Sixth ........Mexico CityJanuary 1937
Seventh ........Mexico CityJanuary-February 1939
Extraordinary ........Mexico CityMarch 1940
Eighth ........Mexico CityMay 1941
Ninth ........Mexico CityMarch 1944
Tenth ........Mexico CityNovember-December 1947
Eleventh ........Mexico CityNovember 1950
Twelfth ........Mexico CityNovember 1954
Thirteenth ........Mexico CityMay 1960
Fourteenth ........Mexico CityDecember 1963
Fifteenth ........Mexico CityJune 1967
Sixteenth ........Mexico CityOctober-November 1973
Seventeenth ........Mexico CityDecember 1974

work since its previous Congress, and elected its governing bodies.

Delegations from the MCP took part in the international meetings of communist and workers’ parties held in Moscow in 1957, 1960, and 1969, and the party ratified the documents adopted by the conferences.

The MCP adheres to the principle of democratic centralism. The supreme party organ is the Congress, and between Congresses party work is directed by the Central Committee. A. Martinez Verdugo is the general secretary of the Central Committee of the MCP. The MCP’s press organs include the weekly Oposición and the sociopolitical and theoretical journal Socialismo. (See Table 1 for a list of the Congresses of the Mexican Communist Party.)


“50 anos de lucha del PCM.” La Voz de Mexico, 1969, Dec. 2, no. 1981.
Martinez Verdugo, A. Partido Comunista Mexicano: Trayectoria y perspectiva. Mexico City, 1971.
Partido Comunista Mexicano, 1967–1972. Mexico City, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Diego Rivera were at odds with each other and with the PCM, the Mexican Communist Party, for much of their lives.
He had been expelled from the Mexican communist party, and even his wife and most loyal supporter, Frida Kahlo, ribbed her husband's capitalist patrons, stating: "I really don't like the high society folks from [the United States], and I feel a sense of rage against all of these Richie-Rich types, because I've seen thousands of people in the most terrible misery without food and with no place to sleep."
He noted the artist was a Communist (in fact he had been expelled from the Mexican Communist Party back in 1929 after his return from Soviet Russia), but announced: 'Rivera is a Communist with a difference because he is impatient of politics.
A fitting tribute, perhaps, to its namesake, Manabendra Nath Roy, who as a leftwing Indian revolutionary founded the Mexican Communist Party within the building's walls 100 years ago.
As I'm thinking "What a great name for a footballer!" David says: "That is a massive compliment!" (I quickly realised, of course, that this is the Diego Rivera who was a leading light in the Mexican Communist party and considered to be the greatest Mexican painter of the 20th century - and someone, also, who had a profound effect on the international art world).
The Mexican Communist Party (PCM) evolved to become the United Socialist Party of Mexico (PSUM) and later the Mexican Socialist Party (PMS) with Eurocommunist politics.
It is also a rare occasion on which one can hear Siqueiros, a member of the Mexican Communist Party and a Marxist-Stalinist, refer briefly (if obliquely) to a failed attempt on Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky's life.
Also, Amalia is a woman, and that's very important." He explained that she is the daughter of a former ambassador and PRI governor of Zacatecas, and was once active in the Mexican Communist Party but drifted toward the center to become a PRD activist.
A Marc Chagall poster from the ``Chagall en Nuestro Siglo'' exhibit at the Centro Cultural in Mexico City, a Mexican Communist Party propaganda poster from the 1970s, and a Les Miserables poster
Secretary of State Colin Powell and Attorney General John Ashcroft have been meeting with Mexican Foreign Minister Jorge Castaneda, the "former" Mexican Communist Party radical, to formulate an amnesty plan that can be sold to Republicans as something other than a suicide pill.
From that day, there began for me all those doubts that later distanced me definitively from the Mexican Communist party. (pp.
Poniatowska's research is estimable: Modotti's liaison with the Mexican Communist Party and her collaborations in its organ, El Machete; her friendship and subsequent confrontations with Jose Clemente Orozco, Rivera and Kahlo; her multiple and multifaceted lovers, native and foreign; and her links to other left-wing Latin-Americans and to Marxist groups in France, Germany, Italy and Spain are littered with cameo appearances of all sorts, proving that Mexico between wars was the ultimate meeting ground of dreamers.