Mexicans


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Mexicans

 

a nation, the bulk of the population of Mexico, numbering about 43 million (1971, estimate). In addition, about 4 million Mexicans live in the southwestern USA. Mexicans speak Spanish, in which there are many borrowings from various indigenous languages. Most Mexicans are Catholics. The Mexican nation evolved through the mixing of 16th-century Spanish conquerors and later Spanish settlers with various indigenous Indian groups, including the Aztecs, Mayas, Otomis, Mixtecs, and Zapotecs, and to some extent with Negroes brought from Africa as slaves. By the 19th century the mestizo nucleus of the nation had emerged. The development of capitalism, the national liberation struggle against Spanish colonial oppression (which culminated in 1821 in the creation of an independent state), and the bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1910-17 contributed to the amalgamation of the Mexican people. Their striking and distinctive culture has preserved Spanish and Indian cultural traditions.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959. (Bibliography.)
Mashbits, la. G. Meksika. Moscow, 1961.

I. F. KHOROSHAEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Confident they would enjoy the bulk of the crowd's support even while playing in the United States, and with the talismanic Sanchez at the helm and its stars recalled from Europe for the game, the Mexicans had conditioned themselves to believe victory was inevitable.
The strength of the Mexican economy right now is driving this trend.
This reviewer found the chapters on the plague and the Simons brickyard particularly moving, for they captured how ethnic erasure and ethnic bordering (the process through which Mexicans were controlled and contained) impacted the lives and deaths of ordinary Mexicans.
At the very onset of Mexican Baptist history in Texas, Mexicans who came to faith in the newly established Texas Republic became members of both Mexican Baptist congregations and Anglo Baptist congregations in Texas.
When the Mexicans came for Confession, however, what they did was tell stories.
The plan--which would, in effect, grant amnesty to more than 4 million Mexicans now living illegally in the United States--was part of an effort to smooth relations between the two countries.
Similarly, the United States has conducted environmental assessments in its border states, but this is yet to be done in the Mexican border states.
While only the names, addresses, birthplaces, and birthdates of voters are thought to be included in the voting data obtained by ChoicePoint, drivers' license records contain home telephone numbers for six million Mexicans.
But for millions of Mexican immigrants, it threatens what is sometimes an already precarious existence.
This enables Mexicans to compete for more and more middle-class American jobs, and as John Riley told me, this trend will escalate in the years ahead.