Scottish Gaelic

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scottish Gaelic


the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.


Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On top Peyton Edgar, Kyra Lenie and Mhairi Hume on Tylers Kernel
Mhairi has other movies out this year including 3 Lives, The Curse of Hobbes House and Crystal's Shadow.
The Two Bowl Pairs was won by Margaret Hick and Mhairi Buchanan while Marion Baird and Janie Kyle won the balloted pairs after a hard season.
According to Mhairi, who has homes near Portland, Maine, and in Dollar, Clackmannanshire, Winnie married Yorkshireman Booth Smith after the war and settled in Denholme, near Bradford.
He said, 'I've heard the stories, Mhairi, they try and trick you, they'll tell you you're a liar.
"I said to Paul 'we have to get out of here'." It gets worse, according to Mhairi and Paul.
Mhairi said she had been searching for training courses to help her turn her lifelong hobby of showing poodles into a new career.
"I like cycling because you can go further on a bike than you can say running," says Mhairi. "The countryside gives you a lot of challenges with the different hills.
Mhairi said: "The legal requirements on businesses are never-ending.
Mhairi Black MP visited Paisley delivery office to see first-hand the operation of delivering Christmas post and to pass on season's greetings to hard working staff.