Michel Foucault

(redirected from Michael Foucault)

Foucault, Michel,

1926–84, French philosopher and historian. He was professor at the Collège de France (1970–84). He is renowned for historical studies that reveal the sometimes morally disturbing power relations inherent in social practices. Influenced by NietzscheNietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm
, 1844–1900, German philosopher, b. Röcken, Prussia. The son of a clergyman, Nietzsche studied Greek and Latin at Bonn and Leipzig and was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basel in 1869.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he called these studies, such as Madness and Civilization (1961, tr. 1970), "genealogies." Foucault also analyzed systems of knowledge, i.e., individual disciplines in science, such as natural history and economics. He aimed through this "archeology" of knowledge to uncover the unconscious rules guiding such systems and thereby to understand their relations to one another. See his Archeology of Knowledge (1969, tr. 1972) and The Order of Things (1966, tr. 1970). In his last writings, including the History of Sexuality, vol. 2 (1984, tr. 1985), Foucault studied what he called "ethics," namely the self's relationship to itself.

Bibliography

See biography by D. Macey (1993); P. Rabinow, ed., Essential Works of Foucault, 1954–1988 (1997–); H. L. Dreyfus and P. Rabinow, Michel Foucault (1982); R. Michel, Foucault (1985); D. R. Shumway, Michel Foucault (1992); L. McNay, Foucault: A Critical Introduction (1994); C. G. Prado, Starting with Foucault: An Introduction to Genealogy (1995, repr. 2000); S. J. Hekman, ed., Feminist Interpretations of Michel Foucault (1996); C. Horroacks and Z. Jevtic, Introducing Foucault (1997); P. Barker, Michel Foucault: An Introduction (1998); A. L. Brown, On Foucault: A Critical Introduction (2000); G. Danaher et al., Understanding Foucault (2000); K. A. Robinson, Michel Foucault and the Freedom of Thought (2001); R. M. Strozier, Foucault, Subjectivity, and Identity (2001); P. Veyne, Foucault: His Thought, His Character (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
This concept refers to the idea of positive iatrogenia of Michael Foucault to remind us that medicine has acquired the ability to damage by proper exercise and not only by skill or ignorance.
Theodore Lewis (2007) also draws on the theoretical debate between Harry Braverman and Michael Foucault, supplementing the traditional treatment of the labor process with Foucauldian insights, arguing that "in the market-led economies, current work organization methods militate against the optimization of skill, and that the current high-skills debate does not dwell sufficiently upon this.
Michael Foucault sostiene que durante la epoca clasica (hacia mediados del siglo XVII) la conservacion, clasificacion, catalogacion y descripcion de documentos represento, mas que una nueva sensibilidad respecto al tiempo y a su pasado, una manera de clasificar dicho tiempo en un "devenir cuadriculado y especializado" (1968, 132), el cual, durante el siglo XIX, fue utilizado por los historiadores para escribir una 'historia verdadera' "liberada de la racionalidad clasica,
feminist philosopher" Nancy Harstock who takes on Richard Rorty and Michael Foucault for inadequately addressing diversity, thus relegating the stigmatized Other to a collective, "carrying the mark of the plural" (47).
of North Florida) addresses the metaphor of "the closet" as applied to three queer figures in French and American culture: philosopher Michael Foucault, literary critic Ronald Bathes, and artist and icon Andy Warhol.
1) Michael Foucault, The Archeology of Knowledge, London: Routledge, 2002, pp.
He calls on the likes of John Berger, perhaps the greatest modern interpreter of visual art, Susan Sontag, Michael Foucault, Patrick Kavanagh, DH Lawrence, Robert Williams Parry and George Ewart Evans to provide the context for Morris' images.
2) Michael Foucault, The History of Sexuality Volume II: The Use of Pleasure (New York: Random House Inc, 1990), p.
Not even Michael Foucault could set the record straight with his Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.
XX en Colombia, confluye con conceptos y explicaciones, desde la perspectiva psicosocial critica, a sus implicaciones en la poblacion, y el manejo de diversas facetas de la guerra por parte de los actores, para, finalmente, plantear una propuesta etica desde perspectivas como las de Martin-Baro y Michael Foucault.
Tambien recurre a autores contemporaneos de la Ciencia Politica como Hannah Arendt y Robert Dahl y a los planteamientos filosoficos sobre el poder y la resistencia de Michael Foucault.
Como explica Michael Foucault en el siglo XIX se instala la idea de que la peligrosidad de las personas no debe ser juzgada solamente por sus actos sino ademas por sus virtuales actos.