Michel Butor


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Butor, Michel

 

Born Sept. 14, 1926, in Mons-en-Baroeul, a suburb of Lille. French writer.

In his rhythmic prose (for example, the novel Passage From Milan, 1954), Butor reflected on his experience as a human being and a poet (the poem Michurin, 1949, published 1966). Butor’s heroes display great energy in their effort to resist the leveling power of the capitalist city and bourgeois life (the novels Passing Time, 1956, and A Change of Heart, 1957) or to save themselves from deadly routines (the novel Degrees, 1960). However, they see no way out. An opponent of the theory of “pure art,” Butor sometimes pays tribute to experimentalism (the radio show Air Lines, 1962), overestimating the role of the literary techniques of M. Proust and J. Joyce (the critical collection Repertoire, 1960) and becoming carried away with the metaphysics of structuralism (Repertoire II, 1964). Butor’s work has profound meaning when, violating the rules of the so-called school of the new novel, he gives sociohistorical reasons for the transformation of the individual in the USA into a cog in a machine (the novelistic reportage Mobile, 1962). Butor is the author of studies on C. Baudelaire (An Extraordinary Story, 1961), D. Diderot (Repertoire III, 1968), and M. Montaigne (The Essay “On Experience,” 1968). He has also written an autobiography (Portrait of the Artist as a Monkey, 1967).

WORKS

Le génie du lieu. Paris, 1958.
Description de San Marco.[Paris, 1963].
Illustrations.[Paris, 1964].
6, 810, 000 litres d’eau par seconde.[Paris, 1965].
In Russian translation:
“Stupeni [Fragment romana].” Inostrannaia literatura, 1963, no. 1.
“Izmenenie.” Ibid., 1970, nos. 8-9.

REFERENCES

Balashova, T. Frantsuzskii roman 60-x godov. Moscow, 1965.
Charbonnier, G. Entretiens avec M. Butor.[Paris, 1967].
Leiris, M. “Le réalisme mythologique du M. Butor.” In M. Butor, La modification.[Paris, 1965].
Raillard, G. Butor.[Paris, 1968]. (Bibliography, pp. 295-313.)

V. P. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
(6.) Michel Butor, Introduction to Le Roman experimental, OC, vol.
Del Nouveau Roman faltan en la fotografia Marguerite Duras y Michel Butor, y en cambio sobran algunos, que nunca fueron encuadrados dentro de aquel nuevo movimiento novelistico tambien conocido como L'ecole du regard (La escuela de la mirada).
Signs and Designs: Art and Architecture in the Work of Michel Butor. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2003.
Regisseur follows a similar pattern, but also includes chapters written in the second person, in the tradition of Michel Butor's La Modification (1957).
Of all the writers who have been broadly categorized under the heading 'nouveau roman', Michel Butor is the one who has had the most varied and active contact with the visual arts.
En ese sentido, la idea de Michel Butor parece muy acertada: "Es un medio prodigioso de mantenerse en pie, de seguir viviendo inteligentemente en el interior de un mundo casi furioso que nos asalta por todas partes".
Michel Butor, a su vez, escribio unas penosas interpretaciones esotericas de las Variaciones Diabdli de Beethoven, aunque debe decirse, en contrapunto, que el libro de Pierre Jean Jouve sobre Don Giovanni es una joya.
Many French authors have favored it, most recently Michel Butor and Claude-Michel Cluny.
Michel Butor pide que haya silencio absoluto cuando decide entregarse a la escritura.
Poco despues, igualmente ingenioso, nos enteramos del comentario de Michel Butor (poeta, narrador y ensayista) al momento de la exposicion (Francia, 1993): "Me pide que la mire, no es algo facil, ?sabe que pasara si lo hago como quiere?, terminare siendo un sujeto retratado en segunda persona..."
Experimentation with the concepts of time and space has always marked the writings of Michel Butor. From the very first novels Passage de Milan (1954) and L'emploi du temps (1956) to the more recent essays and imaginative criticism like Improvisations sur Henri Michaux (1985), Butor has sought to reexamine literary devices and the view of reality that they inevitably implied.
Otros autores que participan en la encuesta son: Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Michel Butor, Soledad Puertolas, John Berger, Harry Mulisch.