Michel Foucault


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Foucault, Michel,

1926–84, French philosopher and historian. He was professor at the Collège de France (1970–84). He is renowned for historical studies that reveal the sometimes morally disturbing power relations inherent in social practices. Influenced by NietzscheNietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm
, 1844–1900, German philosopher, b. Röcken, Prussia. The son of a clergyman, Nietzsche studied Greek and Latin at Bonn and Leipzig and was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basel in 1869.
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, he called these studies, such as Madness and Civilization (1961, tr. 1970), "genealogies." Foucault also analyzed systems of knowledge, i.e., individual disciplines in science, such as natural history and economics. He aimed through this "archeology" of knowledge to uncover the unconscious rules guiding such systems and thereby to understand their relations to one another. See his Archeology of Knowledge (1969, tr. 1972) and The Order of Things (1966, tr. 1970). In his last writings, including the History of Sexuality, vol. 2 (1984, tr. 1985), Foucault studied what he called "ethics," namely the self's relationship to itself.

Bibliography

See biography by D. Macey (1993); P. Rabinow, ed., Essential Works of Foucault, 1954–1988 (1997–); H. L. Dreyfus and P. Rabinow, Michel Foucault (1982); R. Michel, Foucault (1985); D. R. Shumway, Michel Foucault (1992); L. McNay, Foucault: A Critical Introduction (1994); C. G. Prado, Starting with Foucault: An Introduction to Genealogy (1995, repr. 2000); S. J. Hekman, ed., Feminist Interpretations of Michel Foucault (1996); C. Horroacks and Z. Jevtic, Introducing Foucault (1997); P. Barker, Michel Foucault: An Introduction (1998); A. L. Brown, On Foucault: A Critical Introduction (2000); G. Danaher et al., Understanding Foucault (2000); K. A. Robinson, Michel Foucault and the Freedom of Thought (2001); R. M. Strozier, Foucault, Subjectivity, and Identity (2001); P. Veyne, Foucault: His Thought, His Character (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
Since the late 1970s when Michel Foucault coined the term govermentality, researchers in a loose network have been using the concept in various ways and with divergent theoretical interests, but there has been no coherent research program or homogeneous approach.
As producoes do filosofo Michel Foucault desenvolveram-se no mesmo periodo em que vimos a emergencia de novos feminismos e de movimentos de resistencias a ordem na Franca.
A relevancia das contribuicoes de Michel Foucault nos campos da medicina social, da loucura, da psiquiatria e dos manicomios pode ser comprovada pela frequente referencia a este autor na producao academica e na de divulgacao mais ampla.
In the fall of 1978 Michel Foucault, France's cutting-edge intellectual capo, was busy celebrating the political event of his time that excited him like nothing else: the Iranian revolution.
En el presente libro, David Cortez Jimenez analiza la manera en la que Michel Foucault recurre a Friedrich Nietzsche sosteniendo como tesis principal que ambos pensadores se enmarcan dentro de la tradicion critica de la Ilustracion y que la obra de Foucault es una "historia de pensamiento critico".
Disciplinary Power and Capitalism in Michel Foucault
Well-worded text introduces the ideas of theorists Ulrich Beck, Bell Hooks, and Michel Foucault and poet Adrienne Rich.
L oin des philosophes dogmatiques et de certaines idees recues portant parfois l'habit de la scientificite, Michel Foucault a entame une rupture epistemologique avec les siens.
compagina la adhesion a los valores nietzscheanos con un enfoque del objeto de estudio que se inspira en la obra de su amigo y companero de trabajo michel Foucault. A lo largo de su obra, reivindica la influencia de sociologos como max weber y Georg simmel, asi como del joven Raymond Aron y su filosofia critica de la historia.
Assim, diante de uma realidade que toca a todos nos, este trabalho tem como objetivo pensar a sociedade da informacao a luz da visao de Michel Foucault, precisamente sobre o que designou conceitualmente como sociedade disciplinar, cuja base encontra-se estruturada no livro "Vigiar e punir".
Han sido conocidos los constantes desplazamientos en el pensamiento de Michel Foucault (1).