Michelangelo Antonioni

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Michelangelo Antonioni
BirthplaceFerrara, Italy
Film director, screenwriter, editor and short story writer

Antonioni, Michelangelo

(mëkālän`jālō äntōnyô`nē), 1912–2007, Italian film director and scriptwriter, b. Ferrara, Italy. In the 1940s he made documentaries that contributed to the development of Italian neorealism. He continued to occasionally make documentaries throughout his life, e.g., the controversial Chung Kuo—Cina (1973), vignettes of early 1970s China. His later feature films, which turned away from neorealism to more personal statements, proved to be controversial among audiences and extremely influential with younger filmmakers. These slow-moving and often enigmatic works deal with the alienation, malaise, and loveless eroticism of modern life, with plot and dialogue often subordinate to visual and aural images. His works include Le Amiche (1955); a trilogy consisting of L'Avventura (1960), La Notte (1961), and L'Eclisse (1962); The Red Desert (1964), his first color film; Blow-Up (1966), his best-known film; Zabriskie Point (1970), his first American film and a commercial flop; The Passenger (1975); Identification of a Woman (1982); and Beyond the Clouds (1995), based on a book of his short stories.


See C. di Carlo and G. Tinazzi, The Architecture of Vision: Writings and Interviews on Cinema/Michelangelo Antonioni (tr. 1996, repr. 2007); studies by I. Cameron and R. Wood (rev. ed. 1971), S. Chatman (1985), S. Rohdie (1990), W. Arrowsmith, ed. (1995), and P. Brunette (1998); T. Perry, Michelangelo Antonioni, A Guide for Reference and Resources (1986); E. Antonioni's Making a Film for Me Is Living (film, 1995).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Antonioni, Michelangelo


Born Sept. 29, 1912, in Ferrara. Italian director. He has been a film critic, a scriptwriter, and a producer of documentary films.

In 1950, Antonioni made his first feature film, Story of a Love Affair. The common theme which runs through his works is the isolation of man in contemporary bourgeois society. He has made the films Le Amiche (1955), The Cry (1957, in Soviet release Despair), L’Avventura (1959), La Notte (1960), Eclipse (1962), Red Desert (1964), Blow-Up (1967), and Zabriskie Point (1972). Not accepting the contemporary bourgeois reality, Antonioni, with the skill of a researcher and astute psychologist, shows the destruction of man’s internal ties with the surrounding world. The tragic lack of mutual understanding between people, the aimlessness of existence, the spiritual impoverishment of his heroes, who find it impossible to overcome their isolation, are depicted as the sole and inevitable form of life for all mankind. Antonioni’s films are pessimistic; they are strongly marked by irrational motifs. The pictures bear the mark of his great skill as a director—his subtle choice of means of expression and the subordination of all the components of the film (music, camera work, and actors’ performances) to the director’s scheme.


Turovskaia, M. M. “Antonioni . . .” Iskusstvo kino, 1962, no. 6.
Karaganov, A. “Vstrechi v Italii.” Iskusstvo kino, 1965, no. 3.
Capri, F. Michelangelo Antonioni. Parma, 1958.
Leprohon, P. Michelangelo Antonioni. [Paris, 1961.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
See also Moure, Michelangelo Antonioni: Cineaste de l'evidement (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001).
(Ticket includes lunch.) 6pm Red Desert Michelangelo Antonioni's 1960s panoramas of contemporary alienation were decade-defining artistic events, and Red Desert, his first colour film, is perhaps his most epochal.
But I will focus on writing for the time being," said the filmmaker, who adores Michelangelo Antonioni. Now, she awaits to hear from the production companies.
The cover features a movie poster of Michelangelo Antonioni's 1950 drama film Cronaca di un amore (Story of a Love Affair), starring Massimo Girotti and Lucia Bose.
At best, it allows us to grapple with the ways in which image, narrative, and truth are entwined, but this is hardly a novel conceit nearly fifty years on from Michelangelo Antonioni's Blow-Up.
Bailey, the model for David Hemmings' character in Michelangelo Antonioni's film "Blow-Up" (1966), helped fuel the white-hot ferment of'60s Swinging London --a confluence of art, pop, politics and fashion.
The film, shot entirely on location outside of Joshua Tree, California, also is an ode to famous director, Michelangelo Antonioni, with its remote scenery of the desert wilderness reflecting Snake Oil Sam's inner struggles.
Michelangelo Antonioni's La Notte (1961) stands as the centerpiece of the director's so-called "trilogy of alienation." It's a daunting spot to be in, between the breakthrough in international art cinema that was L'Avventura (1960), with its daring narrative and character ambiguities, and the evocative, ethereal L'Eclisse (1962), which seemed to ultimately suggest an end to ...
The festival has a line-up of 80 contemporary films from more than 50 countries, which will be screened including feature films by renowned Italian director Michelangelo Antonioni, French director Claude Chabrol as well as films of Indian actor Smita Patil.
MICHELANGELO Antonioni's striking 1964 film is set against the industrial backdrop of the Italian port of Ravenna and details the turbulent relationship of an unstable housewife (MonicaVitti) and a man (Richard Harris) who takes advantage of her frailties.

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