For contrasting views, see Donald Bloxham, Genocide on Trial: The War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010); Bloxham, "Jewish Witnesses in War Crimes Trials of the Postwar Era," in Holocaust Historiography in Context: Emergences, Challenges, Polemics, and Achievements, David Bankier and Dan Michman
, Holocaust Historiography, 73; idem., "HaSho'ah, hemshechiyut shel tahalichim o tofa'ah mevudedet," 32-33.
, he reveals that "Already in 1919 Hitler coined the expression 'Entfernung der Juden A1/4berhaupt' (the total removal of the Jews), including their ideas of equality.
The history of Dutch Jewry is not long, but has been shaped by the same reciprocal relations between centripetal and centrifugal forces that have shaped other Jewish communities, say Kaplan and Michman
: the tension between maintaining the community and being part of the larger society.
According to Michman
and Mazze (2006: 139) these "[c]ultural creatives have a propensity to be affluent, well-educated and believe in environmentalism, feminism, global issues and spiritual searching.
For those who dispute this view, see Michman
, "She'erit Hapletah," 107-116.
The primary goal of the sponsor in this case is to align a specific product with the lifestyle behaviors of the consumer through promotional activities at participant based sporting events (Michman
, Mazze, & Greco, 2003).
(Maastricht, the Netherlands: Van Gorum, Assen, 1989), 2:137, 139-40.
See generally Dan Michman
, Tateraussagen und Geschichtswissenschaft.
and Tirtsah Levie, 111-155 (Jerusalem: Tel-Aviv University 1984).
Further, the retail trade literature is explicit that hypermarkets competed with and at the expense of supermarkets and similar large-scale formats (Singh et al, 2006; Colla, 2004; Shaw, 2003; Dawson, 2002; Gielens & Dekimpe, 2001; Vida et al, 2000; Monbiot, 2000; Michman
& Mazze, 1998; McGoldrich & Davies, 1995; Lyle, 1995).
Scholar Dan Michman
, who is the chief historian for Yad Vashem, will trace the crucial role that administrative policies and procedures played in the organized efforts of Nazi Germany to exclude and then eradicate the Jewish people from European society.