Microclimate

(redirected from Micro-climate)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

microclimate

[¦mī·krō′klī·mət]
(climatology)
The local, rather uniform climate of a specific place or habitat, compared with the climate of the entire area of which it is a part.

Microclimate

Localized climate conditions within an urban area or building.

Microclimate

 

climate of the ground layer of air resulting from small-scale differences in the earth’s surface within a local climate. For example, a distinction is made in the local climate of a forest area between the microclimate of forest glades and the edges of forests and in the local climate of a city between the microclimate of squares, side streets, public gardens, and yards. Differences in the microclimate diminish rapidly with distance from the earth’s surface. They are also largely dependent on the weather, increasing in fair, calm weather and leveling out in overcast weather, in the absence of insolation, and when it is windy. Study of the microclimate requires the organization of a dense network of random meteorological observations and the comparison of these observations with the readings of a permanent basic weather station characterizing the corresponding local climate. Microclimatic surveys from motor vehicles are widely used. The peculiarities of the microclimate must be taken into account when positioning crops or moving them into new areas, when engaging in various types of land reclamation, in industrial and civilian construction, and so forth.

REFERENCES

Sapozhnikova, S. A. Mikroklimat i mestnyi klimat. Leningrad, 1950.
Geiger, R. Klimat prizemnogo sloia vozdukha. [2nd ed.] Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Mikroklimat SSSR. Leningrad, 1967.

S. P. KHROMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
IsoCure seals the lamp in its own temperature-controlled micro-climate in isolation from the plant or print room, eliminating the expenditure of ambient air for cooling and ozone extraction.
Other options include micro-climate or internal cooling systems, which are now commonly found in bomb squad suits or chem-bio suits worn aboard aircraft.
The location has a micro-climate that encourages leaf quality superior to that found even in Darjeeling.
According to Rae, unlike systems requiring fans, ducting and manifolds to remove ozone and heat that lamps generate during curing, water-cooled IsoCure seals the lamp in a temperature-controlled micro-climate isolated from the plant or pressroom, with ozone destroyed within the lamphead.
The American company has already announced the pounds 700 million ship will have a Central Park style open-air space the size of a football pitch with its own micro-climate.
It seems to me Dubai has created its own little polluted micro-climate with dust, sand and exhaust fumes.
Motherwell owner John Boyle admitted he was embarrassed by the ninth Fir Park postponement of the season but bizarrely blamed a micro-climate for the problem.
As for your garden situation there's a lot to consider--your micro-climate for one.
The trees will grow accustomed to the micro-climate conditions of the area.
Chan grows his under a shade cloth and has created a more humid micro-climate by grouping them together.
We give them a micro-climate, a nice comfort zone that will keep them alert," he said.
As any connoisseur will explain, a grape's distinctive flavor is derived from localized characteristics such as soil type, micro-climate, altitude, and the slope of the ground.