Microcephaly


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Related to Microcephaly: macrocephaly

microcephaly

[‚mī·krō′sef·ə·lē]
(medicine)
The condition of having an abnormally small head, with a circumference less than two standard deviations below the mean.

Microcephaly

 

substantial reduction in skull and brain size in the presence of normal dimensions of other parts of the body. Microcephaly is accompanied by mental deficiency, from mild imbecility to idiocy. The causes of microcephaly are viral diseases suffered by the mother during the first three months of pregnancy, toxoplasmosis, and, sometimes, intrauterine meningoencephalitis of the fetus. The prognosis is unfavorable.

References in periodicals archive ?
We superimposed the timing of confirmed microcephaly cases in each region to assess the relationship between observed microcephaly and expected duration of elevated APO risk but did not fit explicitly to microcephaly incidence data.
Although previous publications described the health effects in infants born with microcephaly during the Zika outbreak, this is the first investigation to characterize the health and development of these children as they age.
58, dated June 3, 2016, regulating the priority service for families diagnosed with microcephaly in the evaluation of the Continuous Cash Benefit (22).
van der Linden and her coinvestigators described classic congenital Zika syndrome with microcephaly at birth as simply the tip of the Zika virus iceberg.
Now, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has concluded that Zika infection is a cause of microcephaly and is linked to the recent outbreak.
According to the findings published in the March 2017 issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal, 52 patients with clinically suspected Zika virus infection were studied, including 8 infants with microcephaly who died.
Among 3,036 suspected cases of Zika virus disease (including persons meeting the case definition for Zika virus disease, newborns or stillbirths (including one miscarriage) with suspected congenital microcephaly, and cases of GBS), the highest number originated from Ouest (n = 1,064), Nord (583), and Centre (421) departments.
One woman from Las Pinas City gave birth to a baby boy at full term without microcephaly, while a woman from Central Visayas had a spontaneous abortion in the ninth week of pregnancy.
In a paper published online in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Julu Bhatnagar, PhD, of the Infectious Diseases Pathology Branch at the Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases in Atlanta, and her coauthors reported a case series in 52 patients--8 infants with microcephaly who died and 44 women thought to have been infected with Zika virus during pregnancy.
6) An outbreak of microcephaly in Brazil, causally associated with the Zika virus epidemic since May 2015, has resulted in this emerging viral infection becoming the leading causative agent of microcephaly in South and Central America (9,10) and a serious threat to pregnant women from other countries who have visited that region.
Yeh noted that, as they were working in 2015, no study had yet shown a causal link between Zika infection in pregnant women and microcephaly in their offspring.
This is a microcephaly case with a high probability of being related to the Zika virus and also the first such case in Vietnam," the General Department of Preventive Medicine, a department of the nation's health ministry, said in a statement posted on its official website.

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