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The local, rather uniform climate of a specific place or habitat, compared with the climate of the entire area of which it is a part.


Localized climate conditions within an urban area or building.



climate of the ground layer of air resulting from small-scale differences in the earth’s surface within a local climate. For example, a distinction is made in the local climate of a forest area between the microclimate of forest glades and the edges of forests and in the local climate of a city between the microclimate of squares, side streets, public gardens, and yards. Differences in the microclimate diminish rapidly with distance from the earth’s surface. They are also largely dependent on the weather, increasing in fair, calm weather and leveling out in overcast weather, in the absence of insolation, and when it is windy. Study of the microclimate requires the organization of a dense network of random meteorological observations and the comparison of these observations with the readings of a permanent basic weather station characterizing the corresponding local climate. Microclimatic surveys from motor vehicles are widely used. The peculiarities of the microclimate must be taken into account when positioning crops or moving them into new areas, when engaging in various types of land reclamation, in industrial and civilian construction, and so forth.


Sapozhnikova, S. A. Mikroklimat i mestnyi klimat. Leningrad, 1950.
Geiger, R. Klimat prizemnogo sloia vozdukha. [2nd ed.] Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Mikroklimat SSSR. Leningrad, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Existing researches indicate that vegetation can improve the urban microclimate and influence outdoor thermal sensation (Ferrante, Mihalakakou 2001; Streiling, Matzarakis 2003; Feyisa et al.
Many field measurements and numerical simulations have been carried out to study the effect of landscape elements on urban microclimate and thermal comfort.
(2004) showed that the microclimate within the field can be changed by the bed planting system, which reduces crop lodging and prevents wheat diseases.
Christine Sheppard, an organic farmer in Hawaii, says she has learned a great deal about her microclimate through local seed swaps.
The Estate Merlot from the Colchagua Valley has a microclimate from the low coastal mountains and the river basin.
Topics include how to dismantle hostile microclimates, sustain and enhance accomplishments, deal with incomplete institutionalization, and collaborate with administrators.
Called "microclimates," these are areas by stone outcroppings, against concrete walls and alcoves facing south.
Boyle said yesterday: "We're devastated and we really feel for the fans but we have microclimates here in Lanarkshire.
Young's main research interests are in northern hydrology and microclimates.
Throughout the property there are numerous hiking trails and many microclimates, as well as a unique home and retreat center.
Deforestation also increases flooding, reduces soil fertility and dries local microclimates, reducing the water supply.