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Microscopic plants.
The flora of a microhabitat.



the microorganisms found in a given medium: soil, water, air, food products, human and animal bodies, and plants.

Natural substrates are usually inhabited by diverse microorganisms: bacteria, actinomycetes, yeasts, microscopic fungi, and algae. The number of microorganisms in a medium is determined by inoculating a batch (or volume unit) of the substance to be investigated on solid (or, using capillary technique, fluid) media. The number of colonies growing on a solid medium gives an idea of the number of microorganisms contained per g or milliliter (ml) of the sample of soil, water, or other medium to be investigated. The direct count method is also widely used. A preparation of the substance under study is stained, and the number of cells is counted under the microscope.

In the case of fluids, the liquid is poured through a membrane filter to determine the number of cells. It has been established by this method (based on the results of inoculations) that considerably more microorganisms inhabit water and soil than had previously been supposed. Depending on the degree of contamination, water contains from 5,000 to 100,000 cells per ml; in soil, the number usually reaches 2–3 billion per g. The skin, mucosae, stomach, intestine, and other organs serve as permanent habitats of normal microflora, which have no noticeable harmful effect on the body.


References in periodicals archive ?
Skin care products containing these are well positioned for treating conditions characterized by an altered microflora.
Therefore, the purpose of this study is to test the effects of turmeric powder added to broiler diet from 0 to 10 g/kg on body weight (BW), weight gain (WG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass yield and intestinal microflora of broilers.
High-throughput sequencing technology requires no cloning construction and presents high throughput, in which the 454 sequencing technique presents the longest sequence reads, opening the door to the comprehensive and efficient understanding of the information of microflora in fermented food (Navarro-Noya et al.
Furthermore, dietary enzymes supplementation has been shown to improve the feeding value of feed by disrupting the water holding capacity of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), improving nutrient digestion and reducing microflora fermentation in the small intestine (Choct, 2006).
Hanseniaspora uvarum and species of Kluyveromyces were isolated in both vineyard samples, but the distinctions in resident winery microflora were more marked.
Effects of a one year reusable contraceptive vaginal ring on vaginal microflora and the risk of vaginal infection: An open-label prospective evaluation" PLOS ONE 10(8): e0134460.
A lot of information exists about the benefits of natural fruit microflora on grapes and apples.
In order to determine the degree of influence of stallions after vasectomy on the vaginal microflora, we studied vaginal microbiocenosis of mares with and without sexual contact with stallions after vasectomy.
diff therapeutic program, which focuses on protecting and maintaining the balance of bacterial microflora in the gut, while also establishing our presence in Europe.
In addition, frequency and severity of the above-noted forms of clinical symptoms were compared with the results of the general microbiological examination of the urogenital tract in 325 women with PVI, which resulted in 158 cases of the presence of normal microflora, opportunistic microflora in 144 cases, pathogenic microflora in 158, chlamydia in 35 cases and trichomonas in 44 cases.
5-10) Increasing knowledge, both empirical and experimental, supports the fact that there is a critical need to focus on gut microflora ecology and barrier function, proper hydration, and cell polarity and quorum sensing to maximize colonization and microflora biodiversity.
These strains have been clinically shown to improve the properties of the intestinal microflora, promote intestinal health and support immune response, according to the company.