Microhyliidae

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Microhyliidae

 

a family of tailless amphibians. The body may measure up to 10.2 cm in length, for example, in Platyhyla granáis, which lives on Madagascar; however, most species are much smaller. The female is usually larger than the male. The mouth in many species is narrow. There are approximately 250 species, which belong to 50 genera, three of which constitute the subfamily Brevicipitidae. The Microhyliidae are found in Southeast Asia as far north as Korea, northeastern Australia, southern Africa, Madagascar, and tropical regions of the Americas as far north as Florida. Most species are fossorial, with extremities adapted to digging in the soil by means of large, sharp spade-shaped protruberances. Members of the family appear on the surface mainly at night or during rains, keeping to grass and shrubs. They feed mainly on ants, termites, and other insects. Most species enter the water for the mating period.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.