Micronesians

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Micronesians

 

a group of related peoples, including the Trukese and Ponapeans of the Caroline Islands, the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands, the Marshallese, and the Nauruans. Numbering more than 200,000 persons (1970, estimate), they constitute the basic population of Micronesia. In addition, some 4,000 Micronesians live in Melanesia. Anthropologically, Micronesians represent a mixture of Melanesians, Polynesians, and Indonesians. Cultural affinities also link the Micronesians with these peoples; the culture of western Micronesia is more akin to that of Indonesia, and eastern Micronesia’s culture is closer to that of Polynesia. Micronesians speak languages of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. They are Christians, mainly Protestants, but retain many traditional beliefs.

The principal occupations are fishing and the growing of fruit trees, mainly coconut palms. Agriculture is poorly developed, especially on the small atolls. Before the invasion by the colonialists in the 16th and 17th centuries, land was controlled by the clan aristocracy. On certain islands class relations had been evolving. Trade was well developed, with shells and stone disks (on Yap) serving as money. The rule of the colonialists caused a sharp decline in the Micronesian population. As early as the 17th century the indigenous population in the Mariana Islands was almost completely exterminated, and those who survived intermarried with later immigrants. The Micronesians are struggling for national liberation. In 1968 the island of Nauru became an independent state.

REFERENCES

Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Puchkov, P. I. Naselenie Okeanii. Moscow, 1967.
Coulter, J. W. The Pacific Dependencies of the United States. New York,
1957.

D. D. TUMARKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
As with other Compact nations, Micronesians are permitted to live and work indefinitely without visas in the United States as nonimmigrants.
"Members of our community consider all Micronesians brothers and sisters, and we are happy to share this unique tradition in bridging the distance," said Brig.
MYLEENE KLASS has revealed what happened when she told a group of Micronesian tribeswomen about breast implants - they thought it was a ridiculous idea.
Billed as the biggest typhoon of the year last week with winds of up to 230 kilometres (140 miles) an hour, Soudelor -- named for a Micronesian chief -- has since weakened.
The present inhabitants of Nauru are of mixed Polynesian, Micronesian, and Melanesian races.
These states/dependencies can be divided into four broad ethnolinguistic groups: English-speaking European origin (Australia and New Zealand), Micronesian (Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru and Palau), Polynesian (Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Cook Islands and Niue) and Melanesian (Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea).
Drink: Tamarind Sour with Batavia Arrack, Pimm's, tamarind; Micronesian Mule with vodka, peppercorn, ginger.
Of 124 countries currently ranked by the International Baseball Federation, Iran is tied with Chile, Nepal and the tiny Micronesian nation of Palau for 48th in the world, just behind Aruba and Peru and ahead of Guatemala and Bulgaria.
The bulk of the novel is narrated by the Nobel Prize-winning protagonist Norton Peralta, who writes his memoirs of travelling to a tiny Micronesian island called Ivu'ivu, where he studied jungle-dwelling people who remained physically healthy despite living to well past 100.
Its products have been used this year by emergency responders and relief workers around the globe, from the recent floods in Colorado to charitable work in Chuuk, one of the Micronesian states.
It is the second time that Micronesian swimmer Debra Daniel, 21, will compete in the Olympics in the 50m freestyle.