Micronesians


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Micronesians: Polynesians, Melanesians

Micronesians

 

a group of related peoples, including the Trukese and Ponapeans of the Caroline Islands, the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands, the Marshallese, and the Nauruans. Numbering more than 200,000 persons (1970, estimate), they constitute the basic population of Micronesia. In addition, some 4,000 Micronesians live in Melanesia. Anthropologically, Micronesians represent a mixture of Melanesians, Polynesians, and Indonesians. Cultural affinities also link the Micronesians with these peoples; the culture of western Micronesia is more akin to that of Indonesia, and eastern Micronesia’s culture is closer to that of Polynesia. Micronesians speak languages of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. They are Christians, mainly Protestants, but retain many traditional beliefs.

The principal occupations are fishing and the growing of fruit trees, mainly coconut palms. Agriculture is poorly developed, especially on the small atolls. Before the invasion by the colonialists in the 16th and 17th centuries, land was controlled by the clan aristocracy. On certain islands class relations had been evolving. Trade was well developed, with shells and stone disks (on Yap) serving as money. The rule of the colonialists caused a sharp decline in the Micronesian population. As early as the 17th century the indigenous population in the Mariana Islands was almost completely exterminated, and those who survived intermarried with later immigrants. The Micronesians are struggling for national liberation. In 1968 the island of Nauru became an independent state.

REFERENCES

Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Puchkov, P. I. Naselenie Okeanii. Moscow, 1967.
Coulter, J. W. The Pacific Dependencies of the United States. New York,
1957.

D. D. TUMARKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
With a growing list of successes to show for its multifaceted engagement, Embassy Kolonia has helped Micronesians lay the foundation for a more stable self-reliant nation.
In the 2010 Census, other Micronesians are 10 percent of the local population, and make up one-fourth of the foreign-born population on Guam (Bureau of Statistics and Plans 2012a.
Among Micronesians, 55 cases occurred in 22 states of the US mainland (Table 1), 41 of these since 2000.
Ethnic groups: Nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups.
For many small island territories or nations, especially for those making up the Micronesian islands, they share a number of challenging tourism issues.
The linguistic and physical similarities both within Polynesia and between Polynesians, Micronesians and Indonesians were noted by early explorers, leading to discussions of "Mongoloid" origins and even classification of Polynesians as "Malays" by Blumenbach in his Natural Varieties of Mankind (Blumenbach 1969 [1795]; see also Dixon 1923; Sullivan 1921; Wallace 1867).
Involvement of Micronesian educators in developing educational materials for classroom instruction, as well as the dissemination of information and programs that include the values, heritage, language, culture, and history of Micronesians
Tan said, was that the rate of anemia in foreigners living in Yap was about 50 percent less than in native Micronesians.
Micronesian nations, as well as many Polynesian and Melanesian ones, regularly support almost any resolutions proposed by the United States.
In the past decade, the scientist has taught the process to Micronesians and Asians from dozens of countries as part of Palau's efforts to introduce clam farming throughout the South Pacific.
Cross-cultural considerations in the rehabilitation of the Navajos and Micronesians.