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Related to Micronesians: Polynesians, Melanesians
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a group of related peoples, including the Trukese and Ponapeans of the Caroline Islands, the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands, the Marshallese, and the Nauruans. Numbering more than 200,000 persons (1970, estimate), they constitute the basic population of Micronesia. In addition, some 4,000 Micronesians live in Melanesia. Anthropologically, Micronesians represent a mixture of Melanesians, Polynesians, and Indonesians. Cultural affinities also link the Micronesians with these peoples; the culture of western Micronesia is more akin to that of Indonesia, and eastern Micronesia’s culture is closer to that of Polynesia. Micronesians speak languages of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. They are Christians, mainly Protestants, but retain many traditional beliefs.

The principal occupations are fishing and the growing of fruit trees, mainly coconut palms. Agriculture is poorly developed, especially on the small atolls. Before the invasion by the colonialists in the 16th and 17th centuries, land was controlled by the clan aristocracy. On certain islands class relations had been evolving. Trade was well developed, with shells and stone disks (on Yap) serving as money. The rule of the colonialists caused a sharp decline in the Micronesian population. As early as the 17th century the indigenous population in the Mariana Islands was almost completely exterminated, and those who survived intermarried with later immigrants. The Micronesians are struggling for national liberation. In 1968 the island of Nauru became an independent state.


Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Puchkov, P. I. Naselenie Okeanii. Moscow, 1967.
Coulter, J. W. The Pacific Dependencies of the United States. New York,


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With a growing list of successes to show for its multifaceted engagement, Embassy Kolonia has helped Micronesians lay the foundation for a more stable self-reliant nation.
Among Micronesians, 55 cases occurred in 22 states of the US mainland (Table 1), 41 of these since 2000.
Ethnic groups: Nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups.
mtDNA and language support a common origin of Micronesians and Polynesians in Island Southeast Asia.
Involvement of Micronesian educators in developing educational materials for classroom instruction, as well as the dissemination of information and programs that include the values, heritage, language, culture, and history of Micronesians
Tan said, was that the rate of anemia in foreigners living in Yap was about 50 percent less than in native Micronesians. Both said that though they were only able to formulate graphs, by the end of their visit they hoped to maybe continue that research in the future and even return to Yap in their fourth year of school.
Micronesian nations, as well as many Polynesian and Melanesian ones, regularly support almost any resolutions proposed by the United States.
In recent years, researchers in the tiny republic have perfected a low-cost system of clam farming at the Micronesian Mariculture Demonstration Center (MMDC), a facility created by Palauan and U.S.
Turner says the dental data also suggest that most Native Americans are closely related to one another and originated in northeast Asia; Polynesians and Micronesians are more like southeast Asians than like native Australians and Melanesians; and native Australians most closely resemble Africans.
English is officially the common language, but many Micronesians don't speak it, even on the main, or "high," islands.