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(Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, The most successful software company in the industry. Microsoft's software and Intel's hardware pioneered the PC and revolutionized the computer industry. Founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, its Windows operating systems are the de facto standards on the desktop and major contenders in the server arena. Microsoft Office is the most successful application suite in history. The company also has a thriving business in programming languages, which are its roots, as well as in numerous other software categories.

Gates and Allen were two college students when they wrote the first BASIC interpreter for the Intel 8080 microprocessor. MBASIC was licensed to Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems to accompany its Altair 8800 kit. By the end of 1976, more than 10,000 Altairs were sold, and versions were licensed to Radio Shack, Apple and others. Although the company became a leader in microcomputer programming languages, its outstanding success was caused by fitting IBM PCs with DOS in 1981 and non-IBM PCs with MS-DOS. In 1990, Windows 3.0, its third version of Windows, was enormously popular. Later, Windows 95 and Windows NT cemented Microsoft's leadership.

After the explosion of the Web, Microsoft gave away its Internet Explorer (IE) browser and then integrated it into Windows. IE became the leading on-ramp to the Internet, and the company embraced the online world with MSN Network and numerous MSN-branded applications and services (see MSN).

Although Microsoft is known for its software, it is also a very large hardware company, offering mice, keyboards, Webcams and the very successful Xbox gaming console and Kinect motion sensing. In 2013, Microsoft acquired the handset division of Nokia, giving it complete control over its mobile phone platform (see Windows Phone). Introduced in 2015, the HoloLens is a venture into augmented reality (see Windows Mixed Reality). See Windows, DOS, Microsoft Office, Internet Explorer, Xbox, Kinect, Microsoftie and Altair.

William H. Gates, III
Bill Gates has become the most widely known business entrepreneur in the world, regardless of industry. (Image courtesy of Microsoft Corporation.)

The Microsoft Campus
This is the main building of the sprawling Microsoft campus. (Image courtesy of Microsoft Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The event's extensive panel line-up included recipients of the Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) award: Thurupathan Vijayakumar, Microsoft Azure MVP Gogula Aryalingam, Data Platform MVP Shameera Prajapriya, Microsoft Azure MVP Fiqri Ismail, Developer Technologies MVP and Hansamali Gamage, Developer Technologies MVP.
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With the introduction of Microsoft Teams, the software maker has enhanced its already rich productivity suite.
Microsoft International comprises all of Microsoft's operations outside North America.
Through the collaboration, both HitachiSoft and Microsoft hope to strengthen their respective systems in sales, product development and support, develop more reliable infrastructure, and increase their presence in the security field, which is expected to expand when ISMS** is JIS standardized.
Microsoft said that many non-English languages won't be immediately available when CRM 3.0 is finally released; however, the company is offering the newest version with 23 total languages.
Open Source," started out congenially even though the stakes are high in the fight between Linux and Microsoft. The Linux operating system and Apache servers, both open source, have gained market share, slowly eroding Microsoft's piece of the pie.
"Tacit Networks has worked with Microsoft Corporation to bring additional value to the Microsoft Windows Storage Server 2003 offering by providing customers with innovative technology for WAN file serving, file level caching and centralized file consistency capabilities for remote branch office deployments," said Rahul Auradkar, Director in the Windows Server Division at Microsoft Corporation.
If you do agree to the investigation, the critical pre-crash data are automatically e-mailed to Microsoft. It takes no further action on your part and the whole process takes less than a minute.
SQL Server Express, the evolution of Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE) for SQL Server 2005, provides a free, easily used, embeddable database designed for building simple data- driven applications.
Three million dollars has been committed to Washington, where Microsoft, educational agencies and state educators will work together to devise programs that will prepare teachers to use 21st century skills in innovative ways in the classroom and help at-risk students.