decompression

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Related to Microvascular decompression: trigeminal neuralgia

decompression

[dē·kəm′presh·ən]
(engineering)
Any procedure for the relief of pressure or compression.

decompression

The reduction of atmospheric pressure. Particularly, various techniques for preventing decompression sickness (also called caisson disease by gradual decompression. Decompression sickness is caused by the evolution of nitrogen bubbles in the body as a result of the effects of reduced atmospheric pressure. Normal symptoms of decompression sickness are the bends, chokes, and creeps; unconsciousness; and neurological symptoms. It can be potentially fatal if the original higher pressure is not restored. Fighter crews use pressure suits and pressure breathing to avoid the effects of decompression sickness. A sudden decrease in cabin pressure, which may be the result of either some component of the aircraft—such as doors, windows, or the cockpit canopy—giving way or a rupture taking place in the structure, is called explosive decompression. See also chokes and creeps.

decompression

The restoration of compressed data back to their original size. See data compression.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient reports of satisfaction after microvascular decompression and partial sensory rhizotomy for trigeminal neuralgia.
Microvascular decompression for glossopharyngeal neuralgia: a long-term retrospective review of the Milan-Bologna experience in 31 consecutive cases.
Evaluation of microvascular decompression and partial sensory rhizotomy in 252 cases of trigeminal neuralgia.
Long term efficacy of microvascular decompression in trigeminal neuralgia.
Microvascular decompression is among the many treatment options to choose from like blocking the trigger point with alcohol local blocks, blocking of the nervebranches by neurectomy, percutaneous rhizotomy of the trigeminal ganglion, radiosurgery4-6.
Trigeminal neuralgia: microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve for tic douloureux.
Microvascular decompression is the only surgical option aimed at the etiology of the disease, whereas percutaneous balloon microcompression, radiofrequency thermocoagulation, and glycerol injection are used to treat the symptoms (Tekkok & Brown, 1996).
Microvascular decompression is an operative procedure used to relieve the compression and/or contact between a vessel and the root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve.
Each patient in the trial underwent right retromastoid craniectomy and microvascular decompression.
Jannetta's earlier observations on essential hypertension, the observations presented [in the current study] are valuable starting points for questions related to the exact location of arterial compression relevant to type 2 diabetes mellitus, the best experimental measure of response, and the subset of patients most likely to benefit from microvascular decompression surgery.
There are several studies showing that microvascular decompression (MVD) is an effective and a safe treatment in HFS 16,17 .
Ray etal conducted study on Surgical Outcome and Improvement in Quality of Life after Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasms, had success rate of 90%, 28 determined by complete res-olution of symptoms .