Middle East

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Middle East,

term traditionally applied by western Europeans to the countries of SW Asia and NE Africa lying W of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Thus defined it includes Cyprus, the Asian part of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the countries of the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait), and Egypt and Libya. The area was viewed as midway between Europe and East Asia (traditionally called the Far EastFar East,
in the most restricted sense, region comprising the countries of E Asia, namely China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, and Taiwan, and the easternmost portion of Russian Siberia (see Russian Far East).
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). The term is sometimes used in a cultural sense to mean the group of lands in that part of the world predominantly Islamic in culture, thus including the remaining states of N Africa as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the 20th cent. the Middle East has been the scene of political turmoil and major warfare, including World War I, World War II, the Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 and the Persian Gulf WarsPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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.

Middle East

 

the conventional name for the area of Western Asia between Europe and Pakistan. On occasion, especially in English and American literature, the term “Middle East” is interchangeable with the term “Near East.” More often, however, it refers to the countries of the Near East together with Iran and Afghanistan. For the most part, therefore, “Middle East” is not used by itself but as part of the term “Near and Middle East.”

Middle East

1. (loosely) the area around the E Mediterranean, esp Israel and the Arab countries from Turkey to North Africa and eastwards to Iran
2. (formerly) the area extending from the Tigris and Euphrates to Myanmar
References in periodicals archive ?
The Regional Enterprise Plan for the Mid-East that I am launching today sets out a number of key strategic areas where regional stakeholders working together will provide a basis for future enterprise development and job creation that is sustainable in the longer term.
Clearly Israel's needs are not America's needs if we mean by that more war in the mid-east. Have we pulled our troops from Iraq just to move them into Iran?
Clyde's major presence in the Middle East and their experience in Iraq, together with their oil and gas expertise, made them an obvious choice for us,' said Nikolay Isaakov, director of Legal Affairs for Lukoil Mid-East.
Nasir's background includes several years at Intel in the Mid-East in various CR roles, as well as a stint at the World Bank launching the Palestinian Development Gateway, a development-focused web portal.
Kuozui invested US$21.9 million to US$25 million to redesign the locally assembled Corolla Altis, which will be exported to Mid-East nations including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman.
US Vice-President Joe Biden says there must be no delay in resuming Mid-East peace talks, despite a row over Israeli plans for new homes in East Jerusalem.
In 2003, cell phone sales in the Africa Mid-East region grew 26 percent.
She describes and analyzes the seminal role played by the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) in influencing Mid-East policy.
Session I will explore the industry situation and outlook in some of the main countries in the Mid-East region.
Political discussions during a Royal banquet were expected to focus on Mid-east peacemaking and Iraq, government officials said.
He recorded a whole litany of terminology that the CBC either does or does not use when reporting on Mid-East events, showing in his opinion, a clear bias against the Israeli viewpoint.
ISRAELI Prime Minister Ariel Sharon today said he was willing to meet Arab leaders anywhere to discuss a Mid-east peace deal - but said the West Bank military operation would continue.

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