Midas


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Midas

(mī`dəs), in Greek mythology, king of Phrygia. Because he befriended Silenus, the oldest of the satyrs, Dionysus granted him the power to turn everything into gold by touch. But when even the food that he touched turned to gold, Midas begged to be relieved of his gift. Dionysus allowed him to wash away his power in the Pactolus River, which afterward had gold-bearing sands. In another legend Midas was given ass's ears by Apollo for preferring, in a contest, the music of Pan (in another account Marsyas) to that of Apollo. Midas preserved his shame from all but his barber, who, wishing to tell it, whispered it into a hole in the ground. The reeds that grew out of that hole, however, murmured the secret whenever the wind blew through them. There was also a historical king of Phrygia named Midas in the 8th cent. B.C.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Midas

 

king of Phrygia (738–696 B.C.). Assyrian sources of the late eighth century B.C. refer to him as Mita. In 717 he joined a coalition against the Assyrian king Sargon II but was subsequently forced to submit to him (707 B.C.).

Greek mythology has many legends about Midas, the son of Gordius. According to one myth, the god Dionysus endowed Midas with the ability to turn anything he touched into gold; since even food turned to gold, Midas had to free himself from this gift by bathing in the Pactolus River, which then became gold-bearing. In another myth, the ignorant and opinionated Midas expressed a preference for the music of Pan over that of Apollo (hence the expression “the judgment of Midas”—the judgment of an ignoramus). Apollo punished him by giving him ass’s ears, which Midas carefully concealed under a Phrygian cap (hence the expression “Midas ears”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Midas

[′mīd·əs]
(aerospace engineering)
A two-object trajectory-measuring system whereby two complete cotar antenna systems and two sets of receivers at each station, with the multiplexing done after phase comparison, are utilized in tracking more than one object at a time.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Midas

for judging Pan winner of flute contest, his ears are changed to ass’s ears. [Gk. Myth.: Leach, 83]
See: Ass

Midas

greedy king whose touch turned everything to gold. [Classical Myth.: Bulfinch, 42–44]
See: Greed

Midas

everything he touched turned to gold. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 167]

Midas

Phrygian king; whatever he touched became gold. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Wheeler, 24]
See: Wealth
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

MIDAS

(1)
A digital simulation language.

[Sammet 1969, p.627].

Midas

(2)
A Motif-based toolkit for interactive data analysis by T. Johnson, SLAC. The basis for the Midas-WWW browser.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
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